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You would write "1 million" or "1M". When abbreviated, capitalization is necessary, but by itself, "million" is lowercase. capitalizemytitle.com explains this: ...million, billion, hundred, thousand are NOT capitalized, and neither are the words “billionaire” or “millionaire” as they are considered to be professions, and they ...


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This is likely answered by your style guide. For example, in Chicago Style, there is no space (“usually”). In AP, this type of abbreviation is only allowed in headlines for M and B and doesn’t have a space either.


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The real difference between student work and professional work — on the most abstract level, at any rate — is that students write to please the reader, while professionals write to convince the reader. This has a number of different (nuanced) manifestations: Students tend to use colloquial language when they are unsure, trying to use social familiarity to ...


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These conventions and style will depend on the venue (journal or edited volume). In my field, it is necessary to always acknowledge that there are multiple authors for a given work when referencing it inline. The two primary options I know are: et alia (et al.) meaning "and others" Example: Author X et al. and Author P et al. "and colleagues&...


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First, consult your style guide. Otherwise, yes, you can use "e format". According to the NIST's Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI): The factors given in Secs. B.8 and B.9 are written as a number equal to or greater than 1 and less than 10, with 6 or fewer decimal places. The number is followed by the letter E, which ...


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This bleeds into a question of personal taste — there's no editorial stanard dictating one form or another — but as a rule of thumb I think it best to keep things in the simple, declarative present-tense where possible. E.g.: In this study, we uncover an important and unexpected mechanism [...] Present tense statements have the dual advantage of sounding ...


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