Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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Citing parts of a thesis or dissertation using IEEE referencing

I've found myself extensively referencing parts of theses and dissertations for my own research paper. The IEEE editorial style manual suggests that they should be referenced in the following form: ...
Filip Dupanović's user avatar
16 votes
10 answers
18k views

Do I need to cite ChatGPT in published writing?

If I use ChatGPT to generate the initial prose for, say, a 2 paragraph introduction (where I modify and rephrase a little) do I need to cite it or somehow give credit? This article implies "no&...
CJ Cornell's user avatar
16 votes
6 answers
25k views

Is it fine to use link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not ...
Hendy's user avatar
  • 261
13 votes
5 answers
120k views

Citation in AP style journalism

I'm writing feature articles and trying to adhere to AP style, but I'm not sure how to attribute a source. I'm familiar with academic citation (APA, MLA), but have never done this in journalism. What'...
Caveatrob's user avatar
  • 389
13 votes
2 answers
12k views

When should one use a section sign (§)?

When I asked this on English.SE, the question was closed; it was suggested that I ask on Writers.SE instead. To be clear, I mean the section sign § (utf-8: 0xC2 0xA7), which is available via \S in ...
Warrick's user avatar
  • 231
12 votes
5 answers
2k views

What's "fair use" for borrowing someone else's invented term?

Let's say I'm writing a sci-fi novel. I want to use a word which another writer has coined, which has become well-recognized outside the original book, for the name of an alien species in my story. I ...
Lauren-Clear-Monica-Ipsum's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

An organization writes its acronym in lower-case - do I have to, too?

I'm writing an article that includes reference to an organization - let's say National Ecological Council of Concerned Citizens - which, instead of NECOCC, uses the acronym necocc, i.e. lower-case ...
user13119's user avatar
  • 113
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the key reference documentation and how should I cite BASH?

I originally posted this question at SO, but two users there suggested that I take it here. I am writing a scientific research paper, and I want to know if it is appropriate to cite bash, and if so, ...
David LeBauer's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
24k views

How do I quote a graphic novel?

I am writing a paper for a Canadian Literature class, and want to quote portions of one of the graphic novels we studied. Do I quote the written portions as I would any other written work? I am using ...
user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
12k views

Citing two sources in one sentence

Which one is the correct/better way? 1) Although the oil price seems to keep decreasing (Smith 2017), the oil industry is still growing (Watson 2017). 2) Although the oil price seems to keep ...
Saber's user avatar
  • 193
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

How to include external references when writing internal documentation?

In the IT industry, we often write a lot of technical documentation meant for internal use only. Those documents are often stored in an internal wiki and accessed when the need arises. The content ...
Liquid's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
4k views

Quoting Yourself

I am editing a book for a writer who has quotes at the beginning of each chapter. The first chapter has a quote of her own. It's weird, but it's what she wants. Do I just treat it like the other ...
user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
202 views

Should DOIs ever be preferred to ISBNs?

Any ISBN yields a DOI. For example, the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. has ISBN 978-0-226-10420-1, which maps to doi:10.978.226/104201, allowing any book to be digitally identified in a reference ...
Charles Stewart's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
46k views

Multiple MLA inline citation question

I'm familiar with the basic rules on inline citation, however, recently I've stumbled onto this problem numerous times so I thought I would ask. When using MLA style inline citations, is it legal to ...
laphiloctete's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
844 views

Least distracting method of citing in a book?

I've written a book and I'm juggling citation styles. I haven't put my bibliography together yet, but there are, I would estimate, at least 100 abstracts referenced from the National Library of ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 183
7 votes
3 answers
57k views

How to cite an entire paragraph?

How to cite an entire paragraph taken from a book? Is it just writing the paragraph as a separate one and adding (Author, Year) in the end? Will it not imply that only the last sentence in the ...
Chethan S.'s user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
6k views

Citing Myself As a Source

I'm writing an academic paper on ethics in robotics. I have a previous paper that I wrote and would like to use material from it. If I use the material from this paper, that I wrote, do I need to ...
jmq's user avatar
  • 173
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Can you legally write a book based on technical concepts that someone else’s coined?

Is there any issues with writing a book and publishing it that is based on topics and concepts that the technical industry previously coined? Several books have been written on the topics, I just ...
CodingRiot's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
145 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
Josef Daniels's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to quote a book in my novel?

I write as a hobby and so my works are pretty amateur, but I still try to keep my writing as legitimate and proper as I can. My novel is about how a teenage boy (who is notorious for being a bad ...
Dani's user avatar
  • 133
7 votes
2 answers
4k views

How to convert DOI to citation information

The DOI website will redirect to the article webpage on the journal official website. Is there is a public automated system to translate DOI to citation information? This can be beneficial for ...
Googlebot's user avatar
  • 840
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the correct way to cite a paraphrase of another source?

I am trying to cite a paper that paraphrases a quote from another paper by the same authors. However, 1) it is unclear where the paraphrase starts, and 2) they have not yet published the second paper. ...
Sigma - check out Codidact's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
484 views

How to reference software programs in a dissertation?

Currently I'm writing my dissertation and I'm using IEEE to reference books in Bibliography. Some of my work includes text like this: [...]There are different vendors and open source software ...
gogasca's user avatar
  • 171
7 votes
3 answers
7k views

What is the proper format/style for using and properly citing code in an APA paper?

I'm working on a paper that covers concurrency in Java, however to properly explain many concepts I feel code samples are basically needed. However, I don't know how to properly cite code I've ...
Jane Panda's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
10k views

How to Cite an Author Who Has a Pen Name

If both the author's name and the pen name are known, should one cite by one name or both names? If one, which?
user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
101 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...
Robales's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
1 answer
184 views

If I quote part of an article that itself contains a quote, what do I cite?

In an article I'm writing, for a conference in engineering education, I would like to quote the following: They do so “freely, with a full sense of volition and without the necessity of material ...
Michael Stachowsky's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
338 views

Punctuation-Quote or Quote-Punctuation?

I'm writing a document using the Chicago Manual of Style. I don't have access to the full guide, only to what's provided on-line. Now I wondering as to whether, in the main text itself, I should use ...
neydroydrec's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
23k views

How to correctly identify publisher?

Sometimes multiple publishers and locations are listed in sequence. For example: PENGUIN CLASSICS Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England ...
user62076's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
653 views

How to cite annotation in an annotated copy of Shakespeare's Othello

I'm in the process of writing an essay on Othello, and am using the Folger Shakespeare Library's annotated Othello. As far as I can tell, the correct MLA citation for the book is Shakespeare, ...
Benjamin's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
6k views

How to reference an ISO/IEC?

I'm doing some college work and I'm using ISO/IEC 27000 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Overview and vocabulary. In Word, I have set up the ...
JChris's user avatar
  • 163
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Having a character quote an entire stanza of a poem

I am working on a long form fiction item. In this one of the characters will quote the first stanza from a poem. Normally with speech, one opens quotes, adds the text, and closes quotes. However I do ...
Matthew Brown aka Lord Matt's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
JosephTLyons's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
679 views

Writing a bibliography

In the formats I've seen for writing a bibliography, the author is always put first, and then the title. Are there some bibliographies where the title is put before the author?
language hacker's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
140 views

How would a source be referenced in the typical paper/book?

Let's say I have at my disposal some kind of searchable content with all the references from many books and papers. How would a source reference would be typically written/formatted? Is it dependent ...
Eldros's user avatar
  • 519
5 votes
4 answers
549 views

Do I quote the author or artist from a comic? MLA

I'm kind of confused on how to quote a scene in a comic/graphic novel. I understand that if you are quoting something that a character said, that you would do the usual (Author's Last name, Page ...
Lion's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Citing speech and interviews in biographies

I am currently writing a biography of a band, and have a question regarding citing quotes, such as from interviews. Is it necessary to cite everything a person (for example a band member or manager) ...
Ali's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
3 answers
9k views

"Works" in Works Cited when there is only one source?

I am currently writing an essay on Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and I only have one source. Do I still call it a "Works Cited" page? I read this following website, but it didn't seem to help: ...
关一骏's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
2 answers
842 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
Alice's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
2 answers
10k views

How would you cite your own figure in MLA?

How would you cite a figure in MLA format if you are the author of it and the figure was not based off of any source?
Daren Liang's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
62 views

How do I cite this page?

I am trying to cite this page in MLA: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/obscenity Since it lists no authors, what should I put as the in-text citation. Should I use the Legal Information Institute or ...
averes's user avatar
  • 53
5 votes
1 answer
97 views

How to cite organization names in a grant proposal?

I am working on a proposal for an academic grant. In the text, there are quite a few organization names (normally abbreviations), but unlike typical academic writing, they are not quotes of texts ...
Rumi P.'s user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
2 answers
167k views

Multiple Same Source Citations in the same Paragraph in MLA format?

I'm writing a paper for a Political Science class. We are allowed to use "any standard citation format", so I've decided to use MLA. My university, the University of Florida, encourages students to ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 163
5 votes
2 answers
109 views

citation for source from which a list of references was drawn?

I'm writing a paper in which I have reviewed a list of reports and have summarized data from each. I have cited each of those original reports. However, I originally located some of those reports ...
rogueduck's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

A comprehensive foreign-language source citation question

My "destination" specifies Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition, notes and bibliography style. However, I'm interested in the reasoning or philosophy behind the formatting decisions, so if another ...
JPmiaou's user avatar
  • 121
5 votes
1 answer
134 views

APA parenthetical citation: is extra information in the parentheses okay?

I'm proofing a document that employs the APA citation style. It contains several citations of the form: (Michaelson, 2000; cattle only) This seems wrong to me, especially since the semi-colon is ...
Cary C's user avatar
  • 176
5 votes
1 answer
740 views

How to cite the C# Language Specification Version 5.0

I'm currently working on my thesis and need to cite a specific section of the C# Language Specification Version 5.0. The specification is available here, but I can't find the authors and the ...
Jasd's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
2 answers
3k views

Using ACM style, how do I cite an article without a specific author's name?

I'm using Mendeley, and trying to cite this article using ACM citation style: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus American Diabetes Association Should the author be "N/A" or ...
user7654's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to quote from a foreign journal that has not been translated?

I need to quote from a journal written in Arabic. What should I do? Write it first in Arabic then followed by translation and indicating that it is my own translation (translated by author)? Can I ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
116 views

How to reference a report from multiple universities using Vancouver style?

I need to to reference the report What leads developers towards the choice of a JavaScript framework?. The authors are A. Pano, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano D. Graziotin, University of ...
Magnus's user avatar
  • 151

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