Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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22 views

Citing both a paper's draft and published version in Chicago style

Summary: I have a draft of a paper and its later published version. I correctly cite the published version, but I want to know `how I can add a citation to the draft version(?)' in Chicago style. See ...
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1answer
29 views

When citing a paragraph in a book on my website, how long can the citation be?

I would like to cite a few sentences of a book in my website, and I would like to know if I may run into some copyright infringement. On the book, it is written "Les Editions Arthaud, 1986, All ...
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3answers
39 views
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Referencing figures, tables, sections and chapters: When to capitalize and when to use lower case letters

I know this question has been asked before, but I am still confused. That's why I am asking again, but in a detailed way. In a scientific work, a Master's Thesis for example, you will insert figures ...
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6answers
119 views

Can you omit words from a sentence and correctly cite that text?

In a source, I have the sentence: Trafficking in children from Togo, Nigeria, Mali, to Cote d’Ivoire’s plantation and domestic servants in Gabon, and of women from Ghana, Nigeria, Mali, and Sierra ...
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17 views

How to cite several testimonies from the same House Bill in Apa

We are attempting to cite several testimonies, both parenthetically and on the references page. Any help would be appreciated.
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1answer
26 views

How to cite the paper I'm writing? APA style

I'm writing a paper on a theme that has a lot of research. To define a concept, I use the definitions of several writers, all properly cited. Then I define more related concepts, and then I want to ...
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1answer
33 views

Punctuation of a quote inside parentheses - MLA

I was wondering how to properly format a quote inside parentheses in MLA. So far I have mostly used the third option, although the double parentheses seem a bit ugly. example: 1) He directs his ...
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1answer
15 views

Citation placement when it respects only the second part of a sentence

Where should I put a citation mark when the cited information is only the second part of a sentence? This was my first attempt, Thus, fuel mass is more sensitive to payload mass changes for faster ...
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1answer
53 views

APA - Citing foreign language texts

I have a written response that involves several sources from foreign languages (namely Latin and Italian, with the paper being written in English). How would I quote and reference these sources? For ...
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1answer
44 views

Citing things that you draw inspiration from [closed]

If you draw inspiration from a picture, music, place, and other things like that, do you have to cite it or reference it? Such as (this is a random one): if you want to see what hair styles a ...
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2answers
31 views

How to cite a combination

I expected this simple, but cannot find any good source. Assume there are two sources, source A and source B. Both are different from each other, that is A provides some info on a problem, B provides ...
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0answers
16 views

In microsoft word I want to show more information in the citation

I have a citation in a word doc and want to show more information in the reference text on the page. So we have I want to change (Heymann,2020) to "Heymann, D. (2020, May 4). Malaria" I have ...
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1answer
37 views

Mention name in paraphrased text?

I'm a newbie writer and I would like to properly make references in my book (I'm thinking of using Chicago style, but am not married to it). Currently, I'm leaning toward using the notes-and-...
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0answers
14 views

How can I cite multiple pages from the same site with no author listed in MLA?

I'm writing an MLA paper which in which I need to site 2 pages from https://www.merriam-webster.com. Here are what my citations look like in my works cited page: "dirigisme". Merriam-...
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0answers
15 views

Bibliography format with multiple citations from same book? (APA)

I'm writing a paper where I've included multiple citations from a book, each citation is not a direct quote from the text but rather a in-text citation so according to APA guidelines these citations ...
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1answer
2k views

Can you legally write a book based on technical concepts that someone else’s coined?

Is there any issues with writing a book and publishing it that is based on topics and concepts that the technical industry previously coined? Several books have been written on the topics, I just ...
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0answers
8 views

Chicago notes citation question: how to cite an entry from an annotated bibliography?

I apologize in advance if I shouldn't post this question here. I am trying to cite an entry from a book containing a collection of annotated bibliographies that organizes its entries by number. For ...
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0answers
24 views

Multi Line Title in a Bibliography

If I have a title the has multiple lines like: some big report part 1 smaller published report title How should I cite this? Should I use commas or periods between each line?
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0answers
34 views

APA In text citations, with the same first author and one other author with the same surname

This seems to be a bit of a corner case. I have two articles, with the same first author, B. G. Cook. The first article has a second author, S. C. Cook. The other article has two other authors (G. J. ...
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2answers
24 views

Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start ...
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3answers
60 views

In which sections of a research report is it appropriate to include citations?

I have been doing some research on citations and haven't been able to get a clear answer on this. When writing a project report, in which sections is it appropriate to include citations? In this ...
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1answer
189 views

How to cite an interview in APA with multiple interviewees?

I need to cite an interview with multiple interviewees in APA format, but the APA website only has an example with a single interviewee. I can't find any other resources online; does anyone have any ...
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1answer
38 views

Citing a paper presented at conference

I have found this source for a research project. From what I can see, it was presented at the Institute for New Economic Thinking: Plenary Conference. I have never tried to us a source that wasn't ...
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3answers
48 views

Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote was ...
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2answers
242 views

Correct way of Citing References in a writing a Non-Fiction book?

I am trying to write a non-fiction book about summarizing core computer science concepts. I plan to self publish this book through the Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing program. My target audience ...
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1answer
129 views

Is page range inclusive or exclusive?

When writing a bibliography entry, if I want to cite pages 1 up to 10, including both 1 and 10 (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) should I write 1-10 or 1-11?
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1answer
51 views

Specific MLA Question on In-Text Citation

How do I format an in-text citation in MLA format when the sentence ends as a parenthesis? For example: Stuart Appleby won three races in his career (but lost all others) (Fredricks 23). It looks ...
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1answer
33 views

How do I cite previously published print school newspapers on now online school newspaper?

I'm the adviser of a school newspaper that publishes exclusively online now. We have a page dedicated to revisiting the archives of our paper (60 years worth!). I cannot piece together how to properly ...
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1answer
61 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
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4answers
74 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
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2answers
90 views

Citing secondary sources in Chicago style?

I am a little bit paranoid about plagiarizing, and I am confused since I have found two seemingly contradictory answers for this. Suppose source X says "source Y says blah blah blah." One Answer ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/...
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1answer
42 views

How to cite a statistic from a website using APA?

Most of my life I've used the MLA citation format when writing any sort of essays or research papers about difference topics. However recently I've been exploring different types of citation formats, ...
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2answers
96 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
4
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1answer
57 views

In an academic paper, who should be listed as the author of a community-authored document?

I'm currently writing my bachelor thesis, which will involve citing the Angular docs. Angular is a web framework developed by both community developers and employees of Google LLC (Google is the ...
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1answer
46 views

What source is this citation referencing? [closed]

I want to find the source of a footnote in a book (footnote 18), but I don't understand the way sources are cited. I want to find source #18. Here is the Notes page: ... ... ... 17. AT, VI.18-19. 18....
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2answers
4k views

Citation of two authors with same surname using APA style

I encountered a source text that had two authors, Paul Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich. And I want to use the proper APA method to cite them. Should I use this one: As Ehrlich and Ehrlich underlined,...
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2answers
2k views

Quoting Yourself

I am editing a book for a writer who has quotes at the beginning of each chapter. The first chapter has a quote of her own. It's weird, but it's what she wants. Do I just treat it like the other ...
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1answer
51 views

MLA citation within citation

Author 1 has written: Author 2 locates the motivation for remakes 'well beyond the profit principle', in complex, highly personal reasons, based on various 'Oedipal inflections'. The sections ...
3
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1answer
43 views

How to add individual citations or copyrights to an eBook?

I'm compiling my first book. In this book I have translated several legends, fairytales and stories of my country (El Salvador). Most of them are loosely based on different books, blogs, newspapers, ...
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1answer
46 views

In-text citations for a source with no page numbers

I'm using online sources for an essay for my DE History course, and we're required to use in-text citations when we quote or paraphrase sources, with the format of author-page number, like (Johnson 12)...
4
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1answer
105 views

What is this “1492E” reference number at the end of a magazine article?

From the very end of an article in Essex Countryside magazine, June 1978: What is the name and purpose of that cryptic "1492E"? I feel like I've seen this kind of thing somewhere before, but I'm ...
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3answers
1k views

In a professional email you need to quote something from a business document. How do you write this?

This is in a professional email. I'm quoting from a business document that was sent to the person that I'm writing the email to. I need to clarify something, and to do so I need to quote from a ...
3
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6answers
467 views

Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start ...
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3answers
419 views

How to include external references when writing internal documentation?

In the IT industry, we often write a lot of technical documentation meant for internal use only. Those documents are often stored in an internal wiki and accessed when the need arises. The content ...
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1answer
46 views

MLA: Indirect Citation without quote

I have a text which I would like to quote. However, the particular section of the text in which I am interested cites but does not directly quote another author. Do I need an indirect citation, and ...
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4answers
96 views

Quote with attribution, but without saying that I'm quoting

I want to give credit to a source without stating their full title again, because the full title is a mouthful. Earlier in the paper, I had quoted them saying: "So-and-so states...[direct quotation]"...
4
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1answer
463 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
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5answers
85 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...
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3answers
124 views

Pop star names and other famous people or characters

If I write a page about a current pop star that talks about what they're doing, that is a fact such as dedicating themselves to Satan or involved in witchcraft, can I be sued by them even though it's ...

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