Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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1answer
21 views

Citing a paper presented at conference

I have found this source for a research project. From what I can see, it was presented at the Institute for New Economic Thinking: Plenary Conference. I have never tried to us a source that wasn't ...
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3answers
33 views

Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote was ...
3
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2answers
50 views

Correct way of Citing References in a writing a Non-Fiction book?

I am trying to write a non-fiction book about summarizing core computer science concepts. I plan to self publish this book through the Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing program. My target audience ...
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1answer
69 views

Is page range inclusive or exclusive?

When writing a bibliography entry, if I want to cite pages 1 up to 10, including both 1 and 10 (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) should I write 1-10 or 1-11?
2
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1answer
42 views

Specific MLA Question on In-Text Citation

How do I format an in-text citation in MLA format when the sentence ends as a parenthesis? For example: Stuart Appleby won three races in his career (but lost all others) (Fredricks 23). It looks ...
3
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1answer
27 views

How do I cite previously published print school newspapers on now online school newspaper?

I'm the adviser of a school newspaper that publishes exclusively online now. We have a page dedicated to revisiting the archives of our paper (60 years worth!). I cannot piece together how to properly ...
3
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1answer
57 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
4
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4answers
65 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
2
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2answers
82 views

Citing secondary sources in Chicago style?

I am a little bit paranoid about plagiarizing, and I am confused since I have found two seemingly contradictory answers for this. Suppose source X says "source Y says blah blah blah." One Answer ...
4
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1answer
31 views

Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/...
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1answer
31 views

How to cite a statistic from a website using APA?

Most of my life I've used the MLA citation format when writing any sort of essays or research papers about difference topics. However recently I've been exploring different types of citation formats, ...
7
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2answers
90 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
4
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1answer
55 views

In an academic paper, who should be listed as the author of a community-authored document?

I'm currently writing my bachelor thesis, which will involve citing the Angular docs. Angular is a web framework developed by both community developers and employees of Google LLC (Google is the ...
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1answer
46 views

What source is this citation referencing? [closed]

I want to find the source of a footnote in a book (footnote 18), but I don't understand the way sources are cited. I want to find source #18. Here is the Notes page: ... ... ... 17. AT, VI.18-19. 18....
4
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2answers
236 views

Citation of two authors with same surname using APA style

I encountered a source text that had two authors, Paul Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich. And I want to use the proper APA method to cite them. Should I use this one: As Ehrlich and Ehrlich underlined,...
8
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2answers
712 views

Quoting Yourself

I am editing a book for a writer who has quotes at the beginning of each chapter. The first chapter has a quote of her own. It's weird, but it's what she wants. Do I just treat it like the other ...
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1answer
45 views

MLA citation within citation

Author 1 has written: Author 2 locates the motivation for remakes 'well beyond the profit principle', in complex, highly personal reasons, based on various 'Oedipal inflections'. The sections ...
3
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1answer
40 views

How to add individual citations or copyrights to an eBook?

I'm compiling my first book. In this book I have translated several legends, fairytales and stories of my country (El Salvador). Most of them are loosely based on different books, blogs, newspapers, ...
0
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1answer
37 views

In-text citations for a source with no page numbers

I'm using online sources for an essay for my DE History course, and we're required to use in-text citations when we quote or paraphrase sources, with the format of author-page number, like (Johnson 12)...
4
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1answer
102 views

What is this “1492E” reference number at the end of a magazine article?

From the very end of an article in Essex Countryside magazine, June 1978: What is the name and purpose of that cryptic "1492E"? I feel like I've seen this kind of thing somewhere before, but I'm ...
2
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3answers
115 views

In a professional email you need to quote something from a business document. How do you write this?

This is in a professional email. I'm quoting from a business document that was sent to the person that I'm writing the email to. I need to clarify something, and to do so I need to quote from a ...
3
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6answers
124 views

Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start ...
7
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3answers
104 views

How to include external references when writing internal documentation?

In the IT industry, we often write a lot of technical documentation meant for internal use only. Those documents are often stored in an internal wiki and accessed when the need arises. The content ...
1
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1answer
38 views

MLA: Indirect Citation without quote

I have a text which I would like to quote. However, the particular section of the text in which I am interested cites but does not directly quote another author. Do I need an indirect citation, and ...
3
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4answers
94 views

Quote with attribution, but without saying that I'm quoting

I want to give credit to a source without stating their full title again, because the full title is a mouthful. Earlier in the paper, I had quoted them saying: "So-and-so states...[direct quotation]"...
4
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1answer
67 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
6
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5answers
84 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...
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3answers
120 views

Pop star names and other famous people or characters

If I write a page about a current pop star that talks about what they're doing, that is a fact such as dedicating themselves to Satan or involved in witchcraft, can I be sued by them even though it's ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Many resources in one sentence: how to use references?

So can I write like this: Example: Exercising (Goodman, J. 2010), laughing (Wilson, A. 2009) and studying (Mann, 2000) have all health benefits that may have positive effect on your life ...
2
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1answer
52 views

How to cite the place of a conference in Chicago manual of style?

I am confused about what should I add in the place of conference in the Chicago manual of style? Place of the publisher or the location of the conference? I just want to cite the conference paper. ...
5
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4answers
91 views

Do I quote the author or artist from a comic? MLA

I'm kind of confused on how to quote a scene in a comic/graphic novel. I understand that if you are quoting something that a character said, that you would do the usual (Author's Last name, Page ...
1
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1answer
230 views

Citing the same page multiple times in MLA

I'm doing an assignment in which I am summarizing a short, (6 paragraph), section of an article. I have my summary written, with my complete MLA citation. However, I just noticed that the instructions ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Is a section of a book published in a journal considered a journal source?

I have an assignment that requires one academic journal source, and I found the records for a journal. The article in question is from a previously published book, but was published in the journal ...
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1answer
46 views

Citing an unknown primary source?

I'm using an unknown primary source quote in my document. Harvey references it in this book: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=a2hnAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y However does not cite it. How do I cite ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Citing and typos

I am holding a book (novel) which I wish to cite, and I believe it has a typo. I do not know whether the typo was a spelling mistake in the original manuscript, or introduced during print. Other ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Do I need to provide in-text citations in a news article for school?

So, for my Senior English Class, I need to write a news article about technology. However, I'm unsure as to whether or not I need in-text citations for said paper. Do I need in-text citations for a "...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

If I use a quote followed by a citation, then a small sentence from the cited material, should I include another citation?

I understand you should always follow a quotation with a citation in academic writing, but how close together can two of the same citations be? Here is the sentence in question: “BitTorrent traffic ...
2
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2answers
50 views

Attributing TV media sources in online, AP style, journalistic articles

I am the editor of a small news blog. I am trying to train my writers to link to their sources. One writer sends me an article without linked sources, so I ask for the sources. They email back ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Referencing Appendices in MLA Style

I have multiple appendices containing the transcriptions of interviews that I carried out as part of my research. How do I cite these appendices in MLA style? I can't seem to find any consistent ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Can you cite a source in the introduction of your paper in MLA?

I'm currently writing a paper in a class about writing papers (go figure) and I'm stuck on whether or not I can cite something in the introduction. I can't find anything concrete on whether or not it ...
5
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3answers
260 views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

How to cite organization names in a grant proposal?

I am working on a proposal for an academic grant. In the text, there are quite a few organization names (normally abbreviations), but unlike typical academic writing, they are not quotes of texts ...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
3
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2answers
162 views

Cite a book in general and then a chapter in particular

The question is in the context of a paper and a thesis in the area of computational science, computer science and chemistry. I manage my references with Mendeley, and import them into a LaTeX file ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

MLA-8: How to cite information with multiple sources

No abstinence-only-until-marriage program has been shown to help teens delay the initiation of sex or to protect themselves when they do initiate sex. This is directly taken from advocates for youth,...
7
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2answers
157 views

How to quote a book in my novel?

I write as a hobby and so my works are pretty amateur, but I still try to keep my writing as legitimate and proper as I can. My novel is about how a teenage boy (who is notorious for being a bad ...
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2answers
27 views

Referencing a blog post in text?

I'm writing a book, and in the appendix I explain many of my inspirations. I reference many books like so: This part was inspired by John Smith's famous book Famous Book. However, I realized I ...
6
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1answer
68 views

If I quote part of an article that itself contains a quote, what do I cite?

In an article I'm writing, for a conference in engineering education, I would like to quote the following: They do so “freely, with a full sense of volition and without the necessity of material ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Handling Dependencies in Essays

Suppose I'm writing an essay on topic A. My view on A, however, requires the reader to be familiar with certain aspects of other, perhaps seemingly unrelated, topics say B, C, and D. It is not ...
7
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1answer
119 views

How to reference software programs in a dissertation?

Currently I'm writing my dissertation and I'm using IEEE to reference books in Bibliography. Some of my work includes text like this: [...]There are different vendors and open source software ...