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Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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1answer
27 views

In-text citations for a source with no page numbers

I'm using online sources for an essay for my DE History course, and we're required to use in-text citations when we quote or paraphrase sources, with the format of author-page number, like (Johnson 12)...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

What is this “1492E” reference number at the end of a magazine article?

From the very end of an article in Essex Countryside magazine, June 1978: What is the name and purpose of that cryptic "1492E"? I feel like I've seen this kind of thing somewhere before, but I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

In a professional email you need to quote something from a business document. How do you write this?

This is in a professional email. I'm quoting from a business document that was sent to the person that I'm writing the email to. I need to clarify something, and to do so I need to quote from a ...
3
votes
6answers
92 views

Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start ...
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3answers
44 views

How to include external references when writing internal documentation?

In the IT industry, we often write a lot of technical documentation meant for internal use only. Those documents are often stored in an internal wiki and accessed when the need arises. The content ...
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1answer
27 views

MLA: Indirect Citation without quote

I have a text which I would like to quote. However, the particular section of the text in which I am interested cites but does not directly quote another author. Do I need an indirect citation, and ...
3
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4answers
87 views

Quote with attribution, but without saying that I'm quoting

I want to give credit to a source without stating their full title again, because the full title is a mouthful. Earlier in the paper, I had quoted them saying: "So-and-so states...[direct quotation]"...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
6
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5answers
80 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...
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votes
3answers
114 views

Pop star names and other famous people or characters

If I write a page about a current pop star that talks about what they're doing, that is a fact such as dedicating themselves to Satan or involved in witchcraft, can I be sued by them even though it's ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Many resources in one sentence: how to use references?

So can I write like this: Example: Exercising (Goodman, J. 2010), laughing (Wilson, A. 2009) and studying (Mann, 2000) have all health benefits that may have positive effect on your life ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How to cite the place of a conference in Chicago manual of style?

I am confused about what should I add in the place of conference in the Chicago manual of style? Place of the publisher or the location of the conference? I just want to cite the conference paper. ...
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4answers
73 views

Do I quote the author or artist from a comic? MLA

I'm kind of confused on how to quote a scene in a comic/graphic novel. I understand that if you are quoting something that a character said, that you would do the usual (Author's Last name, Page ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Citing the same page multiple times in MLA

I'm doing an assignment in which I am summarizing a short, (6 paragraph), section of an article. I have my summary written, with my complete MLA citation. However, I just noticed that the instructions ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Is a section of a book published in a journal considered a journal source?

I have an assignment that requires one academic journal source, and I found the records for a journal. The article in question is from a previously published book, but was published in the journal ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Citing an unknown primary source?

I'm using an unknown primary source quote in my document. Harvey references it in this book: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=a2hnAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y However does not cite it. How do I cite ...
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2answers
50 views

Citing and typos

I am holding a book (novel) which I wish to cite, and I believe it has a typo. I do not know whether the typo was a spelling mistake in the original manuscript, or introduced during print. Other ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Do I need to provide in-text citations in a news article for school?

So, for my Senior English Class, I need to write a news article about technology. However, I'm unsure as to whether or not I need in-text citations for said paper. Do I need in-text citations for a "...
3
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2answers
252 views

If I use a quote followed by a citation, then a small sentence from the cited material, should I include another citation?

I understand you should always follow a quotation with a citation in academic writing, but how close together can two of the same citations be? Here is the sentence in question: “BitTorrent traffic ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Attributing TV media sources in online, AP style, journalistic articles

I am the editor of a small news blog. I am trying to train my writers to link to their sources. One writer sends me an article without linked sources, so I ask for the sources. They email back ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Can you cite a source in the introduction of your paper in MLA?

I'm currently writing a paper in a class about writing papers (go figure) and I'm stuck on whether or not I can cite something in the introduction. I can't find anything concrete on whether or not it ...
5
votes
3answers
161 views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
5
votes
1answer
40 views

How to cite organization names in a grant proposal?

I am working on a proposal for an academic grant. In the text, there are quite a few organization names (normally abbreviations), but unlike typical academic writing, they are not quotes of texts ...
5
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2answers
154 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Cite a book in general and then a chapter in particular

The question is in the context of a paper and a thesis in the area of computational science, computer science and chemistry. I manage my references with Mendeley, and import them into a LaTeX file ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

MLA-8: How to cite information with multiple sources

No abstinence-only-until-marriage program has been shown to help teens delay the initiation of sex or to protect themselves when they do initiate sex. This is directly taken from advocates for youth,...
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votes
2answers
93 views

How to quote a book in my novel?

I write as a hobby and so my works are pretty amateur, but I still try to keep my writing as legitimate and proper as I can. My novel is about how a teenage boy (who is notorious for being a bad ...
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2answers
26 views

Referencing a blog post in text?

I'm writing a book, and in the appendix I explain many of my inspirations. I reference many books like so: This part was inspired by John Smith's famous book Famous Book. However, I realized I ...
6
votes
1answer
62 views

If I quote part of an article that itself contains a quote, what do I cite?

In an article I'm writing, for a conference in engineering education, I would like to quote the following: They do so “freely, with a full sense of volition and without the necessity of material ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Handling Dependencies in Essays

Suppose I'm writing an essay on topic A. My view on A, however, requires the reader to be familiar with certain aspects of other, perhaps seemingly unrelated, topics say B, C, and D. It is not ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

How to reference software programs in a dissertation?

Currently I'm writing my dissertation and I'm using IEEE to reference books in Bibliography. Some of my work includes text like this: [...]There are different vendors and open source software ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Term for when you split a quote to say 'said so and so' in Journalism and Reporting?

I'll make this short. I'm writing a personal profile for a news story and I'm looking for alternatives to this type of phrase: "Apples", said Bob. "Apples", Bob said. "Apples", Bob ...
4
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2answers
89 views

How to quote something somebody was told by someone else? (Third-party, hearsay)

THE ISSUE There must be a catch-phrase or soundbite to describe this scenario, but so far, I've been unsuccessful locating that term, and my efforts to answer this question have been flat as well. I ...
0
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1answer
96 views

What is meant by the statement mentioned below?

" AVOID CIATATIONS IN TITLE" I just got this remark from an editor after 2 days of an article submission. He has said to avoid citations in title. I have not cited in any title, be it main title or ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Referencing Legal Briefs in APA style

How to reference multiple legal briefs in the same case, The following page fives an example which I find ambiguous http://csulb.libanswers.com/faq/30518 If there are several different legal briefs ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Citing Pseudonym/Handle as Author: MLA 8

I'm citing several podcasts in an MLA 8 bibliography for a PhD student. Many have authors/hosts with names such as "FriedPapita and Myte" (2 authors), or just "Jaime" (first name only). I've done ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

MLA 8 and Date Accessed - not required, but still preferable?

From the newest MLA guide: "Citing the date when an online work was consulted is now optional." What is the common consensus regarding whether inclusion of the date is still preferable? Context:...
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votes
2answers
161 views

How would I cite a statistical report put out by a company in MLA?

I would like to cite MPAA-Theatrical-Market-Statistics-2016 in MLA. Is it one of the following? Book* Digital Image Film / Online Video* Journal Article* Online Database Website* Other Write / paste ...
3
votes
1answer
376 views

Where does the question mark go in Harvard Referencing when quoting a question with a citation at the end of a sentence (not itself a question)?

If I am quoting a question, and the quotation comes at the end of a sentence with a citation, where does the question mark go? I have been told that question marks (and full stops) should come after ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Citing two sources in one sentence

Which one is the correct/better way? 1) Although the oil price seems to keep decreasing (Smith 2017), the oil industry is still growing (Watson 2017). 2) Although the oil price seems to keep ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

How do I cite/reference multiple lines of cuneiform translations in MLA?

I have a text from the Nebonidus Harran inscriptions that I want to specifically reference in my paper. The quote looks like this: …(But) the sons of Babylon, Borsippa, 15. Nippur, Ur, Erech, ...
4
votes
1answer
472 views

Citing Oracle documentations of Java

How can I properly cite an Oracle's documentation of the usage of certain APIs? For instance HashMap - Oracle Documentation I need to cite/reference this in my research paper, what is the best way ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

A comprehensive foreign-language source citation question

My "destination" specifies Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition, notes and bibliography style. However, I'm interested in the reasoning or philosophy behind the formatting decisions, so if another ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

APA Citation for a undergrad-level book review

I'm writing a book review for sociology on the book Sidewalk by Mitchell Duneier. This book is the ONLY source for my whole paper. It is the only citation that I am using and the only outside source ...
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vote
1answer
53 views

How does one cite a print chapter in a textbook without the exact page?

Example of citation: Doe, Jane. “The House.” World Literature. Ed. John Doe. New York: Penguin, 1986. 25-30. Print. What I have in the text is the quote from the chapter in the textbook, the quote ...
3
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2answers
787 views

If I mention a fictional character in a paper will I need any citations or references?

I'm new here. Anyways my situation is that for my English class I'm writing a paper depicting the similarities between characters in fiction that begin their stories with overwhelming abilities such ...
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2answers
28 views

Need help regarding referencing another books materials in a book I am writing

I am writing a book, and found information in another book that I would like to reference or use. The information is on child development. Do I need to reference this other book? how do I reference it?...
7
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1answer
228 views

What is the correct way to cite a paraphrase of another source?

I am trying to cite a paper that paraphrases a quote from another paper by the same authors. However, 1) it is unclear where the paraphrase starts, and 2) they have not yet published the second paper. ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How To Cite a Hyperlink in E-Book

I am editing an e-book memoir, and I am wondering how to properly use a hyperlink reference citation. There is only one such reference in the entire manuscript. After I put the superscript number 1 at ...
2
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0answers
29 views

APA Citations - Online Databases [closed]

I'm new to APA and putting together a large report, but having trouble with figuring out the correct citations for some online databases. Both are government databases where you can search for ...