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Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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1answer
19 views

Can you cite a source in the introduction of your paper in MLA?

I'm currently writing a paper in a class about writing papers (go figure) and I'm stuck on whether or not I can cite something in the introduction. I can't find anything concrete on whether or not it ...
5
votes
3answers
41 views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

How to cite organization names in a grant proposal?

I am working on a proposal for an academic grant. In the text, there are quite a few organization names (normally abbreviations), but unlike typical academic writing, they are not quotes of texts ...
4
votes
2answers
70 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
2
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2answers
125 views

Cite a book in general and then a chapter in particular

The question is in the context of a paper and a thesis in the area of computational science, computer science and chemistry. I manage my references with Mendeley, and import them into a LaTeX file ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

MLA-8: How to cite information with multiple sources

No abstinence-only-until-marriage program has been shown to help teens delay the initiation of sex or to protect themselves when they do initiate sex. This is directly taken from advocates for youth,...
6
votes
2answers
74 views

How to quote a book in my novel?

I write as a hobby and so my works are pretty amateur, but I still try to keep my writing as legitimate and proper as I can. My novel is about how a teenage boy (who is notorious for being a bad ...
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vote
2answers
23 views

Referencing a blog post in text?

I'm writing a book, and in the appendix I explain many of my inspirations. I reference many books like so: This part was inspired by John Smith's famous book Famous Book. However, I realized I ...
6
votes
1answer
54 views

If I quote part of an article that itself contains a quote, what do I cite?

In an article I'm writing, for a conference in engineering education, I would like to quote the following: They do so “freely, with a full sense of volition and without the necessity of material ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Handling Dependencies in Essays

Suppose I'm writing an essay on topic A. My view on A, however, requires the reader to be familiar with certain aspects of other, perhaps seemingly unrelated, topics say B, C, and D. It is not ...
7
votes
1answer
69 views

How to reference software programs in a dissertation?

Currently I'm writing my dissertation and I'm using IEEE to reference books in Bibliography. Some of my work includes text like this: [...]There are different vendors and open source software ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Term for when you split a quote to say 'said so and so' in Journalism and Reporting?

I'll make this short. I'm writing a personal profile for a news story and I'm looking for alternatives to this type of phrase: "Apples", said Bob. "Apples", Bob said. "Apples", Bob ...
4
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2answers
53 views

How to quote something somebody was told by someone else? (Third-party, hearsay)

THE ISSUE There must be a catch-phrase or soundbite to describe this scenario, but so far, I've been unsuccessful locating that term, and my efforts to answer this question have been flat as well. I ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

What is meant by the statement mentioned below?

" AVOID CIATATIONS IN TITLE" I just got this remark from an editor after 2 days of an article submission. He has said to avoid citations in title. I have not cited in any title, be it main title or ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Referencing Legal Briefs in APA style

How to reference multiple legal briefs in the same case, The following page fives an example which I find ambiguous http://csulb.libanswers.com/faq/30518 If there are several different legal briefs ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Citing Pseudonym/Handle as Author: MLA 8

I'm citing several podcasts in an MLA 8 bibliography for a PhD student. Many have authors/hosts with names such as "FriedPapita and Myte" (2 authors), or just "Jaime" (first name only). I've done ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

MLA 8 and Date Accessed - not required, but still preferable?

From the newest MLA guide: "Citing the date when an online work was consulted is now optional." What is the common consensus regarding whether inclusion of the date is still preferable? Context:...
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votes
2answers
65 views

How would I cite a statistical report put out by a company in MLA?

I would like to cite MPAA-Theatrical-Market-Statistics-2016 in MLA. Is it one of the following? Book* Digital Image Film / Online Video* Journal Article* Online Database Website* Other Write / paste ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Where does the question mark go in Harvard Referencing when quoting a question with a citation at the end of a sentence (not itself a question)?

If I am quoting a question, and the quotation comes at the end of a sentence with a citation, where does the question mark go? I have been told that question marks (and full stops) should come after ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Citing two sources in one sentence

Which one is the correct/better way? 1) Although the oil price seems to keep decreasing (Smith 2017), the oil industry is still growing (Watson 2017). 2) Although the oil price seems to keep ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

How do I cite/reference multiple lines of cuneiform translations in MLA?

I have a text from the Nebonidus Harran inscriptions that I want to specifically reference in my paper. The quote looks like this: …(But) the sons of Babylon, Borsippa, 15. Nippur, Ur, Erech, ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Citing Oracle documentations of Java

How can I properly cite an Oracle's documentation of the usage of certain APIs? For instance HashMap - Oracle Documentation I need to cite/reference this in my research paper, what is the best way ...
6
votes
1answer
172 views

A comprehensive foreign-language source citation question

My "destination" specifies Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition, notes and bibliography style. However, I'm interested in the reasoning or philosophy behind the formatting decisions, so if another ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

APA Citation for a undergrad-level book review

I'm writing a book review for sociology on the book Sidewalk by Mitchell Duneier. This book is the ONLY source for my whole paper. It is the only citation that I am using and the only outside source ...
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1answer
41 views

How does one cite a print chapter in a textbook without the exact page?

Example of citation: Doe, Jane. “The House.” World Literature. Ed. John Doe. New York: Penguin, 1986. 25-30. Print. What I have in the text is the quote from the chapter in the textbook, the quote ...
3
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2answers
273 views

If I mention a fictional character in a paper will I need any citations or references?

I'm new here. Anyways my situation is that for my English class I'm writing a paper depicting the similarities between characters in fiction that begin their stories with overwhelming abilities such ...
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2answers
26 views

Need help regarding referencing another books materials in a book I am writing

I am writing a book, and found information in another book that I would like to reference or use. The information is on child development. Do I need to reference this other book? how do I reference it?...
7
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the correct way to cite a paraphrase of another source?

I am trying to cite a paper that paraphrases a quote from another paper by the same authors. However, 1) it is unclear where the paraphrase starts, and 2) they have not yet published the second paper. ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How To Cite a Hyperlink in E-Book

I am editing an e-book memoir, and I am wondering how to properly use a hyperlink reference citation. There is only one such reference in the entire manuscript. After I put the superscript number 1 at ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

APA Citations - Online Databases [closed]

I'm new to APA and putting together a large report, but having trouble with figuring out the correct citations for some online databases. Both are government databases where you can search for ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Citing an author's primary sources

I am writing a 5 page thesis paper on Simon Bolivar for a history class. I am using the book "Bolivar" by Marie Arana as one of my source for writing the paper. Many times Arana uses primary sources ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Which citation format do I use when multiple style options apply to the same source?

I want to cite the following pdf in Turabian style, but I have no idea how to cite it because it is technically multiple things at once. It looks like a paper, but its extension is a pdf, and its ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Can I reference an excerpt someone else created of a particular book?

I'm trying to reference data from this particular book. However, it's an old book, so there isn't an e-book version available for me to purchase, and the price is quite high. I only need to cite one ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

How do you format partial song lyrics at the beginning of a chapter

How do I format and cite partial song lyrics at the beginning of a chapter? Can all lines be centered? e.g.: Chapter 19 Sweet Dreams Sweet dreams are made of this Who am I to ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Using one source, multiple times, and footnotes

I am required to use footnotes in a paper for the first time in my life, and I have run into the problem of how to properly cite it. My question is, if I get multiple facts from the same source, when/...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Copying Certain Information From A Official Website

Hey Guys I was researching on a assignment I have to submit to my university. When i was about to copy certain information i went under the "Terms of Use" seeing if i could copy the said information ...
3
votes
1answer
546 views

How do you cite song lyrics parenthetically in MLA?

I am in the process of finishing up a research paper for school that I am writing on the debate over whether or not you should listen to an album from start to finish. I am specifically doing so with ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Preferred way of handling bibliography in academic writing

I write a B.Sc. thesis in google docs. They don't have a good way for references. They have something called citations which is not good for thesis. I've done my bibliography the IEEE way (IIUC) and ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

How to reference a report from multiple universities using Vancouver style?

I need to to reference the report What leads developers towards the choice of a JavaScript framework?. The authors are A. Pano, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano D. Graziotin, University of ...
7
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2answers
164 views

How to cite annotation in an annotated copy of Shakespeare's Othello

I'm in the process of writing an essay on Othello, and am using the Folger Shakespeare Library's annotated Othello. As far as I can tell, the correct MLA citation for the book is Shakespeare, ...
5
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2answers
324 views

How would you cite your own figure in MLA?

How would you cite a figure in MLA format if you are the author of it and the figure was not based off of any source?
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Citation short form for authors' names: different authors, different books, same last name. First name in endnote?

A colleague is assembling a book for publication, and the publisher instructions state that the book should use short form end-notes, and a full bibliography for each chapter. The book concerns China,...
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2answers
49 views

“Overall Website” In Citing a Website (MLA)

I am writing a research paper using MLA style. One of my sources is a book via Google Books. According to the MLA style, part of citing this online source includes giving the "overall website". Would ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Cite letter and article separately even though both are on the same webpage?

I am writing a formal research paper (for a competition called National History Day), using the Chicago citation style. I am using as a source this article. I would like to quote/reference the letter ...
4
votes
2answers
45 views

Are citations the same as references in IEEE?

It appears that the word citation and references are use interchangeably. Are they the same thing? https://www.ieee.org/documents/ieeecitationref.pdf
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2answers
70 views

Math textbook - Crediting sources and copyright protection of source materials

I want to write a simple textbook on standard high-school level algebra. Most of what we know about the field, we have known it for centuries. So I'm fairly certain the majority, if not the entirety, ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

What style guide puts authors' names in all caps?

I tried using the "Search by example" feature CSL tool (http://editor.citationstyles.org/searchByExample/) but couldn't find any exact matches. Here are some examples: In-text: (DORMONT and HUBER, ...
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0answers
9 views

Author qtd. in Author - indirect parenthetical references [duplicate]

I have an indirect quotation where I don't want to use the author's name, as it doesn't seem to fit. However, I do want to properly cite both the author of the quote, and the author of the article. ...
4
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1answer
75 views

MLA8 Refer to Multiple Subpages with One Citation

Is there a way to refer to different subpages of a website in text while only citing its main directory in the works cited? For example, the hypothetical webpage, www.example.com, has the following ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

How do I cite royal names with their titles in MLA?

For example, how would I reference Elizabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria, Princess Palatine, Duchess of Orleans (all being one single person and their attributes)? Is there a common practice for royal names ...