Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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How do you cite a Stack Overflow answer?

How do you cite a Stack Overflow answer? Let's say I want to copy and paste a code solution that someone provided for a question asked on Stack Overflow, how do you cite that in a programming textbook ...
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Can ibid. follow op. cit. instead of loc. cit. to convey "exactly as in the op. cit. above"?

It would seem that the more familiar ibid. could be used instead of the more intricate loc. cit. in such a case. For example if we have: 11. Stern, op. cit., p. 58. and the subsequent citation is to ...
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Citation reference numbers in parentheses or brackets - a case for this

Is there a particular case when footnote or endnote reference numbers are to be placed in brackets or parentheses? Is this done in block quotations to distinguish any reference numbers contained in ...
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Devising system for noting secondary sources in block quotation. New edition of previously published work

Working with a text that makes extensive use of a secondary source that will be given in block quotation and, of course, cited. The secondary source, however, contained many original source citations ...
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How do you find who are the lead authors if there's more than one?

https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.04472 How do you find who are the lead authors if there's more than one? I was looking at the above paper, and I was trying to know who are the lead author so I can cite ...
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Do I need to cite ChatGPT in published writing?

If I use ChatGPT to generate the initial prose for, say, a 2 paragraph introduction (where I modify and rephrase a little) do I need to cite it or somehow give credit? This article implies "no&...
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How to cite Terms of Use in APA 7?

I'm trying to find out how to cite the Terms of Use of an app (BeReal) - I found this answer to a similar question, but I wasn't sure if this was still accurate to APA 7. I apologize if this has been ...
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How to cite an ancient manuscript, translated, in a volume of an edited collection (CMOS)?

I've run into a particular complication that I cannot find a detailed explanation for. In general terms, I'm writing a paper in which I reference an ancient manuscript, but I'm using a translation of ...
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Is there a style convention for how to "format" a book title in plain text (no formatting)?

Typically book titles are ideally italicized or otherwise underlined. For example: In his book Some Book Title, John Doe describes... Is there any style convention for what to do if you are limited ...
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Consecutive sentence, same citation: Chicago date-author style

I am writing a paper in which I repeat a newspaper article citation. "The New York Times article discusses the introduction of the AFB mainframe computer (Stevens, 1984). During an interview with ...
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How do I cite these sources?

https://documents.deathpenaltyinfo.org/Lucio-TCCA-Stay-Order-2022-04-25.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cf5pWQL27NQCiC-oDtyuXJi-RnSFl8Qz/view I need these sources to be cited for a paper but I'm ...
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How do I provide an image reference in Chicago style?

In my writing, I have used several images which I have collected from different URLs. For example, I have used this image, which can be found in this online article. How can I use this image in my ...
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What does "Add. Or. 742" mean in this citation referencing the India Office Library of the British Library?

In a book about the East India Company that has a list of illustrations, the source of one is listed as "The British Library, London Add. Or. 742." A footnote referencing this watercolor is ...
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What is the contemporary method of announcing large sections of existing publications?

I am building out an article published in 1896, wrapping a whole novel series around it. I will be switching back and forth between said article and my additions, with Article: Pt. 1, Novel dialogue, ...
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In the real world, what happens if I plagiarize or cite something incorrectly?

As a student, the consequence for plagiarism or citing a source incorrectly was usually a reduction in the final grade for the paper. But, what are the consequences in the "real world"? If I ...
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Can I refer to a work rather than the author(s) with an APA "narrative citation"?

The APA Publication manual recognizes two kinds of in-text citations, parenthetical and narrative. They are characterized as follows: In parenthetical citations, the author name and publication date (...
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citing whole sections IEEE

I'm writing an engineering proposal, and there are small sections of the report that are entirely quoted or paraphrased from a parent document. Can I add the citation to the heading of that section? ...
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Citation throughout my book rather than at the end as a bibliography

My book is a health/ wellness/ diet book/ metabolic issues etc. Throughout my book which I am 3/4 of the way through I have added in the website links after a piece of evidence. I have used 95% of my ...
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Citing the Same Source Multiple Times in a Book

I am currently writing a non-fiction book which I intend to self publish. Regarding the citations and references, I intend to list them at the end of the book as endnotes and have decided to organise ...
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What Note / Bib citation style uses parenthesis around the publisher?

What citation style is this? C. van Hoeten, The Alien in Israelite Law (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991). D. A. Hubbard, Beyond Futility (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1976), pp. 20-21. J. N. Sevenster, ...
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How would I go about citing Twitter's terms of service?

I am trying to have Twitter's terms of service as a source of a paper I'm writing. I have been looking it up for several days and have found no answer. How should I cite Twitter's terms of service?
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What is the most appropriate way to cite a tweet or social media post?

I was writing an essay discussing the history of a particular concept in recent times. Because a lot of social interaction, even amongst academics, is on social media like Twitter nowadays, I was ...
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Is there a style guide for non-fiction? [closed]

So, I'm writing a nonfiction book. But I'm confused about style, format, and citations. Is there a specific sources section that I have to do? Such as, "References," "Sources Cited,&...
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How do you cite a quote that is broken up into two parts?

If I have one quote but I broke it up into two separate sections in my essay, how would I cite it? Even though they're the same quote would I need to cite it twice? I know an ibid would work but I'm ...
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What should I do with this? [duplicate]

So like, I received a message from "Author Liaison Representative" in Wattpad. The thing said: Hello Mimiko-nyan, My name is Tika. I'm an Author Liaison representative, representing W e b n ...
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What features would a user require from a Citation generation app

I'm attempting to create a mobile application that allows users to convert a DOI from a research article into a Citation. The user will be able to select any valid Citation styles and the generated ...
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How do you cite a song at the start of a chapter?

I've found that songs draw some people into something, so I was wondering how to cite a few lines from a song to draw someone in without making it look horrible. Example: Somehow we have forgotten ...
1 vote
1 answer
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MLA In-text citations for websites

I've done some research, but a lot of sources contradict each other. I was just wondering how to do embedded citations for MLA regarding websites. I wasn't too sure how to do them as the websites I ...
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Figure Annotation and Writing papers

If I had a figure like let's say imaginary figure A. If I were to use this figure, and only needed a segment should I put the whole figure in the academic Research paper or just the section? If so, ...
3 votes
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Microsoft Word - Citation button greyed-out

I am doing a Practical Assessment Task for high school, and we have to use citations. I have a problem however, after page four, I am unable to use citations. The button is greyed-out. Any ideas? This ...
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Citing both a paper's draft and published version in Chicago style

Summary: I have a draft of a paper and its later published version. I correctly cite the published version, but I want to know `how I can add a citation to the draft version(?)' in Chicago style. See ...
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2 votes
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When citing a paragraph in a book on my website, how long can the citation be?

I would like to cite a few sentences of a book in my website, and I would like to know if I may run into some copyright infringement. On the book, it is written "Les Editions Arthaud, 1986, All ...
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Referencing figures, tables, sections and chapters: When to capitalize and when to use lower case letters

I know this question has been asked before, but I am still confused. That’s why I am asking again, but in a detailed way. In a scientific work, a master’s thesis for example, you will insert figures ...
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Can you omit words from a sentence and correctly cite that text?

In a source, I have the sentence: Trafficking in children from Togo, Nigeria, Mali, to Cote d’Ivoire’s plantation and domestic servants in Gabon, and of women from Ghana, Nigeria, Mali, and Sierra ...
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How to cite several testimonies from the same House Bill in Apa

We are attempting to cite several testimonies, both parenthetically and on the references page. Any help would be appreciated.
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How to cite the paper I'm writing? APA style

I'm writing a paper on a theme that has a lot of research. To define a concept, I use the definitions of several writers, all properly cited. Then I define more related concepts, and then I want to ...
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Punctuation of a quote inside parentheses

I was wondering how to properly format a quote inside parentheses in MLA. So far I have mostly used the third option, although the double parentheses seem a bit ugly. example: 1) He directs his ...
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Citation placement when it respects only the second part of a sentence

Where should I put a citation mark when the cited information is only the second part of a sentence? This was my first attempt, Thus, fuel mass is more sensitive to payload mass changes for faster ...
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APA - Citing foreign language texts

I have a written response that involves several sources from foreign languages (namely Latin and Italian, with the paper being written in English). How would I quote and reference these sources? For ...
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2 answers
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How to cite a combination

I expected this simple, but cannot find any good source. Assume there are two sources, source A and source B. Both are different from each other, that is A provides some info on a problem, B provides ...
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In microsoft word I want to show more information in the citation

I have a citation in a word doc and want to show more information in the reference text on the page. So we have I want to change (Heymann,2020) to "Heymann, D. (2020, May 4). Malaria" I have ...
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Mention name in paraphrased text?

I'm a newbie writer and I would like to properly make references in my book (I'm thinking of using Chicago style, but am not married to it). Currently, I'm leaning toward using the notes-and-...
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1 answer
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How can I cite multiple pages from the same site with no author listed in MLA?

I'm writing an MLA paper which in which I need to site 2 pages from https://www.merriam-webster.com. Here are what my citations look like in my works cited page: "dirigisme". Merriam-...
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Bibliography format with multiple citations from same book? (APA)

I'm writing a paper where I've included multiple citations from a book, each citation is not a direct quote from the text but rather a in-text citation so according to APA guidelines these citations ...
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Can you legally write a book based on technical concepts that someone else’s coined?

Is there any issues with writing a book and publishing it that is based on topics and concepts that the technical industry previously coined? Several books have been written on the topics, I just ...
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APA In text citations, with the same first author and one other author with the same surname

This seems to be a bit of a corner case. I have two articles, with the same first author, B. G. Cook. The first article has a second author, S. C. Cook. The other article has two other authors (G. J. ...
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Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start ...
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In which sections of a research report is it appropriate to include citations?

I have been doing some research on citations and haven't been able to get a clear answer on this. When writing a project report, in which sections is it appropriate to include citations? In this ...
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How to cite an interview in APA with multiple interviewees?

I need to cite an interview with multiple interviewees in APA format, but the APA website only has an example with a single interviewee. I can't find any other resources online; does anyone have any ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Citing a paper presented at conference

I have found this source for a research project. From what I can see, it was presented at the Institute for New Economic Thinking: Plenary Conference. I have never tried to us a source that wasn't ...

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