Questions tagged [citations]

Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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Can I summarize and paraphrase someone's findings and cite their authors and make it for my references?

I was using other researchers' sources. I want to summarize, paraphrase, and cite the authors of that previous study. I was writing my research paper and I stumbled upon important information, but the ...
CEDDY's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can a narrative citation "Jones and colleagues (2019)..." be compliant with APA 7th standards?

I have been looking high and low and cannot find the answer to this question. I would prefer to replace the traditional Latin (et al.) with common English (and colleagues) in a narrative citation. I ...
earthling's user avatar
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APA in-text citation: Citing multiple works from same first author, different multiple co-authors, and different years

For the APA 7th edition style, if I am citing multiple works led by the same first author, but have different multiple co-authors (two or more authors), and are published in different years, how ...
LC-datascientist's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is Wikimedia Commons a credible source for images?

I am writing a paper about Operation Mincemeat for National History Day (I know that I should ask my teacher, but it’s due tomorrow, and school has already ended). On Wikimedia Commons, there is a ...
Kathryn Huang's user avatar
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1 answer
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Unsure how to go about referencing/paying homage to a thematically similar text

I'm currently on the fourth draft of my novel and am at the stage at last of getting to go sentence-to-sentence and approach things on quite a molecular level. My book is a sci-fi reimagining of the ...
Alexander Marshall's user avatar
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1 answer
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When you write a sentence using information from one source, and knowledge that you have, do you need to include where that information came from?

I am writing a historical paper about Operation Mincemeat for National History Day. I have never written anything in this format before, so I am confused. Also, citing sources incorrectly can get you ...
Kathryn Huang's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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When writing a footnote for a book that you’ve used separate pages from, should you include them together, or should you give them separate footnotes?

I am writing a historical paper about Operation Mincemeat for National History Day. While there is a rule book, it doesn’t clarify a lot of the little details. Also, if you are supposed to include ...
Kathryn Huang's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
52 views

How to deal with footnotes in cited sections?

When citing a section from another work, and that cited section has a footnote, how would you go about including the footnote in your citation? Should I turn the footnote of the cited section into a ...
Nemo Nobody's user avatar
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Can I shorten section names of articles for in text citations MLA?

My professor is requiring I include section names in my MLA in text citation. It’s fine for most of my sources since their section names are one word like “symptoms” and “causes”. But one of them uses ...
Panda's user avatar
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Abreviating "Emphasis mine" within author citations

I am using author citations along with a List of Abbreviations in order to cite the same works by the same author repeatedly throughout a book-length text. Often I add italics to point out specific ...
Kilaya Ciriello's user avatar
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Are quotes required with inline citation?

I am currently writing a paper with APA formatting and relied on inline citations when referencing work that isn't mine. However, the feedback I received on sections with inline citations revolved ...
cbrodrti's user avatar
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Is there a standard style for writing chapter notes in a non-fiction book manuscript?

I am trying to find a standard style for writing chapter notes in a non-academic non-fiction book as per the image below. Is there an online resource where I can find an appropriate style guide for ...
user112705's user avatar
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44 views

Correct order in footnote citation for revised edition and volume details

What comes first in a citation that must include revised edition and volume details? Looking for CMOS guidance on this but haven't found an example that corresponds to my specific case. I've written ...
Typothalamus's user avatar
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1 answer
416 views

How do you cite a Stack Overflow answer?

How do you cite a Stack Overflow answer? Let's say I want to copy and paste a code solution that someone provided for a question asked on Stack Overflow, how do you cite that in a programming textbook ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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Can ibid. follow op. cit. instead of loc. cit. to convey "exactly as in the op. cit. above"?

It would seem that the more familiar ibid. could be used instead of the more intricate loc. cit. in such a case. For example if we have: 11. Stern, op. cit., p. 58. and the subsequent citation is to ...
Typothalamus's user avatar
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Citation reference numbers in parentheses or brackets - a case for this

Is there a particular case when footnote or endnote reference numbers are to be placed in brackets or parentheses? Is this done in block quotations to distinguish any reference numbers contained in ...
Typothalamus's user avatar
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Devising system for noting secondary sources in block quotation. New edition of previously published work

Working with a text that makes extensive use of a secondary source that will be given in block quotation and, of course, cited. The secondary source, however, contained many original source citations ...
Typothalamus's user avatar
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How do you find who are the lead authors if there's more than one?

https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.04472 How do you find who are the lead authors if there's more than one? I was looking at the above paper, and I was trying to know who are the lead author so I can cite ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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16 votes
10 answers
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Do I need to cite ChatGPT in published writing?

If I use ChatGPT to generate the initial prose for, say, a 2 paragraph introduction (where I modify and rephrase a little) do I need to cite it or somehow give credit? This article implies "no&...
CJ Cornell's user avatar
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0 answers
42 views

How to cite Terms of Use in APA 7?

I'm trying to find out how to cite the Terms of Use of an app (BeReal) - I found this answer to a similar question, but I wasn't sure if this was still accurate to APA 7. I apologize if this has been ...
Leo Strong's user avatar
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1 answer
70 views

How to cite an ancient manuscript, translated, in a volume of an edited collection (CMOS)?

I've run into a particular complication that I cannot find a detailed explanation for. In general terms, I'm writing a paper in which I reference an ancient manuscript, but I'm using a translation of ...
Matt's user avatar
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3 answers
159 views

Is there a style convention for how to "format" a book title in plain text (no formatting)?

Typically book titles are ideally italicized or otherwise underlined. For example: In his book Some Book Title, John Doe describes... Is there any style convention for what to do if you are limited ...
Matt's user avatar
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1 vote
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Consecutive sentence, same citation: Chicago date-author style

I am writing a paper in which I repeat a newspaper article citation. "The New York Times article discusses the introduction of the AFB mainframe computer (Stevens, 1984). During an interview with ...
DmnkVD's user avatar
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How do I cite these sources?

https://documents.deathpenaltyinfo.org/Lucio-TCCA-Stay-Order-2022-04-25.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cf5pWQL27NQCiC-oDtyuXJi-RnSFl8Qz/view I need these sources to be cited for a paper but I'm ...
Candice's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How do I provide an image reference in Chicago style?

In my writing, I have used several images which I have collected from different URLs. For example, I have used this image, which can be found in this online article. How can I use this image in my ...
Mithun Sarker Shuvro's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
45 views

What does "Add. Or. 742" mean in this citation referencing the India Office Library of the British Library?

In a book about the East India Company that has a list of illustrations, the source of one is listed as "The British Library, London Add. Or. 742." A footnote referencing this watercolor is ...
George Truett's user avatar
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31 views

What is the contemporary method of announcing large sections of existing publications?

I am building out an article published in 1896, wrapping a whole novel series around it. I will be switching back and forth between said article and my additions, with Article: Pt. 1, Novel dialogue, ...
Vogon Poet's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
188 views

In the real world, what happens if I plagiarize or cite something incorrectly?

As a student, the consequence for plagiarism or citing a source incorrectly was usually a reduction in the final grade for the paper. But, what are the consequences in the "real world"? If I ...
Mathematician's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Can I refer to a work rather than the author(s) with an APA "narrative citation"?

The APA Publication manual recognizes two kinds of in-text citations, parenthetical and narrative. They are characterized as follows: In parenthetical citations, the author name and publication date (...
Cian's user avatar
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citing whole sections IEEE

I'm writing an engineering proposal, and there are small sections of the report that are entirely quoted or paraphrased from a parent document. Can I add the citation to the heading of that section? ...
Joe Moore's user avatar
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2 answers
54 views

Citation throughout my book rather than at the end as a bibliography

My book is a health/ wellness/ diet book/ metabolic issues etc. Throughout my book which I am 3/4 of the way through I have added in the website links after a piece of evidence. I have used 95% of my ...
Pip's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
252 views

Citing the Same Source Multiple Times in a Book

I am currently writing a non-fiction book which I intend to self publish. Regarding the citations and references, I intend to list them at the end of the book as endnotes and have decided to organise ...
John Smith's user avatar
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1 answer
30 views

What Note / Bib citation style uses parenthesis around the publisher?

What citation style is this? C. van Hoeten, The Alien in Israelite Law (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991). D. A. Hubbard, Beyond Futility (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1976), pp. 20-21. J. N. Sevenster, ...
Albert.G's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

How would I go about citing Twitter's terms of service?

I am trying to have Twitter's terms of service as a source of a paper I'm writing. I have been looking it up for several days and have found no answer. How should I cite Twitter's terms of service?
Kyler Moulton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
70 views

What is the most appropriate way to cite a tweet or social media post?

I was writing an essay discussing the history of a particular concept in recent times. Because a lot of social interaction, even amongst academics, is on social media like Twitter nowadays, I was ...
user2352714's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
137 views

Is there a style guide for non-fiction? [closed]

So, I'm writing a nonfiction book. But I'm confused about style, format, and citations. Is there a specific sources section that I have to do? Such as, "References," "Sources Cited,&...
Acid Kritana's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
906 views

How do you cite a quote that is broken up into two parts?

If I have one quote but I broke it up into two separate sections in my essay, how would I cite it? Even though they're the same quote would I need to cite it twice? I know an ibid would work but I'm ...
Grace Wang's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

What should I do with this? [duplicate]

So like, I received a message from "Author Liaison Representative" in Wattpad. The thing said: Hello Mimiko-nyan, My name is Tika. I'm an Author Liaison representative, representing W e b n ...
KU_021's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
77 views

What features would a user require from a Citation generation app

I'm attempting to create a mobile application that allows users to convert a DOI from a research article into a Citation. The user will be able to select any valid Citation styles and the generated ...
Hector's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
136 views

How do you cite a song at the start of a chapter?

I've found that songs draw some people into something, so I was wondering how to cite a few lines from a song to draw someone in without making it look horrible. Example: Somehow we have forgotten ...
The Courtship Guy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
230 views

MLA In-text citations for websites

I've done some research, but a lot of sources contradict each other. I was just wondering how to do embedded citations for MLA regarding websites. I wasn't too sure how to do them as the websites I ...
JoMama's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Figure Annotation and Writing papers

If I had a figure like let's say imaginary figure A. If I were to use this figure, and only needed a segment should I put the whole figure in the academic Research paper or just the section? If so, ...
EnlightenedFunky's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

Microsoft Word - Citation button greyed-out

I am doing a Practical Assessment Task for high school, and we have to use citations. I have a problem however, after page four, I am unable to use citations. The button is greyed-out. Any ideas?
Romans's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
90 views

Citing both a paper's draft and published version in Chicago style

Summary: I have a draft of a paper and its later published version. I correctly cite the published version, but I want to know `how I can add a citation to the draft version(?)' in Chicago style. See ...
ctde's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
107 views

When citing a paragraph in a book on my website, how long can the citation be?

I would like to cite a few sentences of a book in my website, and I would like to know if I may run into some copyright infringement. On the book, it is written "Les Editions Arthaud, 1986, All ...
Juan's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Referencing figures, tables, sections and chapters: When to capitalize and when to use lower case letters

I know this question has been asked before, but I am still confused. That’s why I am asking again, but in a detailed way. In a scientific work, a master’s thesis for example, you will insert figures ...
Luk's user avatar
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-1 votes
6 answers
150 views

Can you omit words from a sentence and correctly cite that text?

In a source, I have the sentence: Trafficking in children from Togo, Nigeria, Mali, to Cote d’Ivoire’s plantation and domestic servants in Gabon, and of women from Ghana, Nigeria, Mali, and Sierra ...
casualhuman's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

How to cite several testimonies from the same House Bill in Apa

We are attempting to cite several testimonies, both parenthetically and on the references page. Any help would be appreciated.
bill simmons's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
78 views

How to cite the paper I'm writing? APA style

I'm writing a paper on a theme that has a lot of research. To define a concept, I use the definitions of several writers, all properly cited. Then I define more related concepts, and then I want to ...
David Díaz's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
126 views

Punctuation of a quote inside parentheses

I was wondering how to properly format a quote inside parentheses in MLA. So far I have mostly used the third option, although the double parentheses seem a bit ugly. example: 1) He directs his ...
dusty's user avatar
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