Questions tagged [apa]

The style manual for the American Psychological Association.

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7
votes
1answer
363 views

What is the correct way to cite a paraphrase of another source?

I am trying to cite a paper that paraphrases a quote from another paper by the same authors. However, 1) it is unclear where the paraphrase starts, and 2) they have not yet published the second paper. ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Citing two sources in one sentence

Which one is the correct/better way? 1) Although the oil price seems to keep decreasing (Smith 2017), the oil industry is still growing (Watson 2017). 2) Although the oil price seems to keep ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the proper format/style for using and properly citing code in an APA paper?

I'm working on a paper that covers concurrency in Java, however to properly explain many concepts I feel code samples are basically needed. However, I don't know how to properly cite code I've ...
5
votes
3answers
290 views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a comprehensive APA style manual available online?

I am new to APA style and have noticed that web search results for specific APA style questions (e.g. "apa style p-values") tend to yield results from Q/A sites or of people's personal blogs ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

en dash with space for non-integer?

I have a simple question. What's the correct writing style? 1.1–8.4% or 1.1 – 8.4% Without space around an en dash looks much better for my eyes. But I read somewhere that if it is a decimal number (...
5
votes
2answers
266 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
5
votes
1answer
519 views

What is an APA-certified editor?

Is APA-certified editor an actual credential? If yes, is there a universally-accepted proof in the U.S. for that credential? I tried a web search on "how to become an APA-certified editor." I ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

How can a practical learner get up to speed on APA quickly?

I'd like to learn the APA style guide, so that, in addition to the fiction and general non-fiction I work on currently, I can start accepting academic editing jobs. However, I know very little about ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

APA parenthetical citation: is extra information in the parentheses okay?

I'm proofing a document that employs the APA citation style. It contains several citations of the form: (Michaelson, 2000; cattle only) This seems wrong to me, especially since the semi-colon is ...
5
votes
1answer
469 views

Citing an article with multiple authors in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source is an article from a popular ...
4
votes
2answers
990 views

Citation of two authors with same surname using APA style

I encountered a source text that had two authors, Paul Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich. And I want to use the proper APA method to cite them. Should I use this one: As Ehrlich and Ehrlich underlined,...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

APA Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology

I am using a couple edited books in a paper I am writing. From each one, I need to cite 2-3 chapters. MLA offers a way to "cross-reference" within a reference list when citing multiple chapters from ...
3
votes
5answers
8k views

Using expletives in an essay

Good day everyone! Just a background, I am writing an essay that is formatted with APA styling. In my paper, I have the word "shit" in it; essentially in this part of the essay, I am discussing ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

How to cite a statistic from a website using APA?

Most of my life I've used the MLA citation format when writing any sort of essays or research papers about difference topics. However recently I've been exploring different types of citation formats, ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Quotation Question in APA Format Critical Analysis

I am writing a critical analysis of an article involving a "rule". Every time the authors mention the word "rule", it is in quotations. Would it be correct to also include "rule" in quotations every ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

APA Citation for a undergrad-level book review

I'm writing a book review for sociology on the book Sidewalk by Mitchell Duneier. This book is the ONLY source for my whole paper. It is the only citation that I am using and the only outside source ...
3
votes
1answer
380 views

how to cite a dubbed TV series? APA 6th edition

I'm quoting lines from a dubbed TV series and I'm not sure how to reference it? I have looked everywhere and I only found how would you cite an original version. Help please :)
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Should 'Oz' be in Quotation Marks if not Quoting Him? APA Format

I am mentioning "Oz" from the "Wizard of Oz" in my APA formatted paper. I'm not quoting him but just making a reference to his all knowingness. Do I put Oz in quotation marks or just leave it ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Reporting Satterthwaite approximated degrees of freedom (APA 6ed)

Is there any established way of reporting approximated degrees of freedom (be it Satterthwaite or Kenward–Roger) for mixed-effects model in psychology (APA 6 ed.)? Specifically, is rounding to whole ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
2
votes
1answer
15k views

How do I cite Google Public Data in my bibliography (APA format)?

I'm writing a paper which uses an APA6-style bibliography. I'm referring to a graph from Google Public Data. What should my in-text citation say, and how should I cite it? I'm not sure if I should ...
2
votes
1answer
362 views

Referencing Legal Briefs in APA style

How to reference multiple legal briefs in the same case, The following page fives an example which I find ambiguous http://csulb.libanswers.com/faq/30518 If there are several different legal briefs ...
2
votes
1answer
518 views

When is it okay to insert a page break before a new paragraph?

I sometimes find myself with only one to three lines between the start of a paragraph and the end of a page when writing papers. When using the APA format, is it okay to insert a page break before the ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

APA: How to cite an application report or an application note

I'm working on an engineering project and lots of the design decisions I've made are based on application notes or application reports made by manufacturers, like this one: http://www.ti.com/lit/an/...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

In APA style, how do I cite an indirect source?

I am reading an article and in the article, it cited another author. How do I cite this? Do I cite the article I'm reading or the other person?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How do I write a long title in APA?

I'm writing a science paper for school, and my teacher said I need a short title (running title) and a long title that uses active voice (a sentence). How do I write the long title? The short title ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

APA style in-text citations

How would one differentiate between two different sources (websites) that both: Have the same title Have an unknown author Do not list a publishing date/year
2
votes
1answer
528 views

Issue in citing legal cases, APA

I'm specifically trying to cite two documents under United States v. 434 Main Street, Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Namely, this and this. The second is the actual ruling, but the first is a pertinent ...
2
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1answer
553 views

APA Citation on online documentation

I am referencing the MySQL documentation in a paper. Would it be appropriate to reference it in its entirety, or should I create a citation for each page I use since it's very large?
2
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1answer
1k views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
2
votes
2answers
837 views

Inline Citations when Critiquing a Single Source (APA)

I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end. Is it also required that I include ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Location of cites using APA style format

If I write need to site a paragraph in APA style format, for example: The quick brown fox jumped over the hill. Do you put the citation in front of the sentence, at the end or at the bottom of the ...
2
votes
2answers
778 views

APA: how to cite a translation of an old work in a compilation that has been reissued

This might seem to be a strange question, but I can't seem to get my head around it. I am trying to cite from Anselm's "On Truth", which is part of a compilation. I have read it in Oxford World ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

How to cite a Terms of Service in APA style

I need to cite a Google condition using APA style. I have the following paragraph, but when I pass it through Viper I get plagiarized. How shall I do?
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

How to cite an interview in APA with multiple interviewees?

I need to cite an interview with multiple interviewees in APA format, but the APA website only has an example with a single interviewee. I can't find any other resources online; does anyone have any ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

APA Citations - Online Databases [closed]

I'm new to APA and putting together a large report, but having trouble with figuring out the correct citations for some online databases. Both are government databases where you can search for ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Citing a Poem in APA

I'm having trouble finding any reputable source online that indicates how to cite a poem in APA, and I don't have access to a physical copy of the APA manual right now. Does anyone know how to cite a ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

How to cite a report in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source looks like a report with ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

APA Headings- Frequency

How often should you use a heading? Are there any guidelines or limitations to using headings too often (i.e., every paragraph, every other paragraph, etc.)?
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Citations for summary on a journal article - APA formatting

I'm writing an APA summary paper on a journal article. I am not using any other sources but that journal article. Would I need to keep citing the article throughout my paper such as putting ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

How to cite this document in APA style of citation

There is an online PDF document. It is issued by the Central Department of Statistics & Information (Saudi Arabia). The title of the document (42 pages long) is: Hajj Statistics. Year of ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

APA Citation Page - problems with issue number and journal names

I have written out an APA citation page. I will attach a link to the page below. I have been told that there is an issue with the way my journal names have been presented and also one issue with one ...
1
vote
1answer
570 views

How to cite (APA style) a whole chapter about a product?

I'm currently writing my thesis and one chapter is about a software product. The chapter contains three paragraphs with general information about the product that I collected from the product ...
1
vote
1answer
807 views

APA citation style - capitalization of titles

I'm writing a paper, supposedly using APA citation style, and I've encountered the following conflict. On the one hand, the title of the work I cite is cited in all small letters, and only the first ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Using Numbers in APA: 10 and 5 in the same sentence

I have a sentence in my manuscript with the following structure: "As to the technologies...., 10 participants identified ...., and 5 participants identified ....." According to APA: Use numerals ...