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The style manual for the American Psychological Association.

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Multiple-paragraph block quotation

I'm currently working on editing an academic paper in APA-7 format for a friend. This paper has a multiple-paragraph block-quote in it (specifically, the entire text of the short manifesto "The ...
In Hoc Signo's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

Can a narrative citation "Jones and colleagues (2019)..." be compliant with APA 7th standards?

I have been looking high and low and cannot find the answer to this question. I would prefer to replace the traditional Latin (et al.) with common English (and colleagues) in a narrative citation. I ...
earthling's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Should non-English organizations/ministries/governments (as authors) be translated into English in APA 7th edition citations?

Should I translate the name of my country's government/ministry into English for references and in-text citations in a publication using APA 7th edition guidelines? My paper is in English, and I'm ...
Syntax's user avatar
  • 23
0 votes
1 answer
68 views

APA in-text citation: Citing multiple works from same first author, different multiple co-authors, and different years

For the APA 7th edition style, if I am citing multiple works led by the same first author, but have different multiple co-authors (two or more authors), and are published in different years, how ...
LC-datascientist's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
21 views

Should the APA In text citation go before or after organization name when the organization is used descriptively?

As examples, which would be considered correct in APA style? A: Researchers from the University of Michgian's Department of Computational Analysis (John et al., 2023) determined that... B: Researchers ...
Rich's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
172 views

APA citation style for different authors with the same last name

Let's assume I have a citation list that includes the three different hypothetical authors A. Miller, B. Miller, and C. Miller (besides Y. Young, S. Stevens, and Z. Zona): Miller, A., & Young, Y. ...
Lisa's user avatar
  • 13
-1 votes
1 answer
29 views

Are quotes required with inline citation?

I am currently writing a paper with APA formatting and relied on inline citations when referencing work that isn't mine. However, the feedback I received on sections with inline citations revolved ...
cbrodrti's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

How to cite Terms of Use in APA 7?

I'm trying to find out how to cite the Terms of Use of an app (BeReal) - I found this answer to a similar question, but I wasn't sure if this was still accurate to APA 7. I apologize if this has been ...
Leo Strong's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

Can I refer to a work rather than the author(s) with an APA "narrative citation"?

The APA Publication manual recognizes two kinds of in-text citations, parenthetical and narrative. They are characterized as follows: In parenthetical citations, the author name and publication date (...
Cian's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
838 views

Can section headings be questions for APA format?

I would want my first heading to be "What is Lyme disease '.' '?'" , Im not sure if it would be considered a question or a sentence . I want this paragraph to inform the reader what the ...
Evelyn Pedraza's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
131 views

Mixed numerals and words in a list

In APA style, we generally use the word for numbers less than 10 and the numeral for numbers equal or greater than 10. However, I am editing a sentence that has predominantly single-digit numbers and ...
FHH's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
289 views

In APA, how do I cite two sources in a sentence? Where one mentions another and I want to retain the reference of that mention

For instance, the author that is commentating on the primary source is named Foster. The primary source is Dante's Inferno. I want to make reference to the primary source that Foster is addressing in ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

How to cite several testimonies from the same House Bill in Apa

We are attempting to cite several testimonies, both parenthetically and on the references page. Any help would be appreciated.
bill simmons's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

How to cite the paper I'm writing? APA style

I'm writing a paper on a theme that has a lot of research. To define a concept, I use the definitions of several writers, all properly cited. Then I define more related concepts, and then I want to ...
David Díaz's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
573 views

APA - Citing foreign language texts

I have a written response that involves several sources from foreign languages (namely Latin and Italian, with the paper being written in English). How would I quote and reference these sources? For ...
Pranav Sharma's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
32 views

APA - More sources from same author and same year than there are characters in the alphabet?

In my research, I've used 37 articles from https://developer.mozilla.org/ as sources. These are articles written by multiple contributors, kind of like how Wikipedia works. From what I understand, you ...
Anoesj's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
20 views

APA style footnote explanation

What is the recommended way of explaining terms, like psychometrics, that are not essential to the paper (APA style)? Is it possble to add a footnote plus reference to explain the term? Or explain ...
2stefan2000's user avatar
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0 answers
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Bibliography format with multiple citations from same book? (APA)

I'm writing a paper where I've included multiple citations from a book, each citation is not a direct quote from the text but rather a in-text citation so according to APA guidelines these citations ...
stigma's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
2 answers
103 views

Quoting italicized text: keep formatting?

I'm quoting a sentence from Carl von Clausewitz' On War. He has part of the sentence italicized though: Obstinacy is a fault of temperament. Is it necessary to maintain his formatting? Ideally, I ...
Carcigenicate's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
790 views

Citing sources "Adversity introduces a man to himself"

This famous quote from Albert Einstein, after research, doesn't have any origins (No year, no location/event, etc.). How would you go about citing it in APA format?
Q Williams's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
128 views

APA In text citations, with the same first author and one other author with the same surname

This seems to be a bit of a corner case. I have two articles, with the same first author, B. G. Cook. The first article has a second author, S. C. Cook. The other article has two other authors (G. J. ...
damned truths's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to cite an interview in APA with multiple interviewees?

I need to cite an interview with multiple interviewees in APA format, but the APA website only has an example with a single interviewee. I can't find any other resources online; does anyone have any ...
dalton_b's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
Steven's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes
1 answer
173 views

How to cite a statistic from a website using APA?

Most of my life I've used the MLA citation format when writing any sort of essays or research papers about difference topics. However recently I've been exploring different types of citation formats, ...
Ski Mask's user avatar
  • 133
4 votes
2 answers
9k views

Citation of two authors with same surname using APA style

I encountered a source text that had two authors, Paul Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich. And I want to use the proper APA method to cite them. Should I use this one: As Ehrlich and Ehrlich underlined,...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

How do I write a long title in APA?

I'm writing a science paper for school, and my teacher said I need a short title (running title) and a long title that uses active voice (a sentence). How do I write the long title? The short title ...
Pearson Frank's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
100 views

en dash with space for non-integer?

I have a simple question. What's the correct writing style? 1.1–8.4% or 1.1 – 8.4% Without space around an en dash looks much better for my eyes. But I read somewhere that if it is a decimal number (...
Twisted Meadow's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
Aerodynamika's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
348 views

Reporting Satterthwaite approximated degrees of freedom (APA 6ed)

Is there any established way of reporting approximated degrees of freedom (be it Satterthwaite or Kenward–Roger) for mixed-effects model in psychology (APA 6 ed.)? Specifically, is rounding to whole ...
blazej's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Should 'Oz' be in Quotation Marks if not Quoting Him? APA Format

I am mentioning "Oz" from the "Wizard of Oz" in my APA formatted paper. I'm not quoting him but just making a reference to his all knowingness. Do I put Oz in quotation marks or just leave it ...
K. Williams's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Do I need to Cite Multiple Quotes From the Same Source Multiple Times (APA)?

If I am using multiple quotes from the same source back-to-back, do I need to cite each quote? If it was a paragraph summary, I would just cite the source once as the end of the article, but the ...
JosephTLyons's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
852 views

How do I cite a book that has been transcribed online in APA?

I'm trying to cite a "book" in APA format. I say "book" because I was not able to check out a hard copy from my library. Instead, I found a version that had been transcribed online. The website ...
Alice's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Referencing Legal Briefs in APA style

How to reference multiple legal briefs in the same case, The following page fives an example which I find ambiguous http://csulb.libanswers.com/faq/30518 If there are several different legal briefs ...
JIm's user avatar
  • 21
9 votes
2 answers
12k views

Citing two sources in one sentence

Which one is the correct/better way? 1) Although the oil price seems to keep decreasing (Smith 2017), the oil industry is still growing (Watson 2017). 2) Although the oil price seems to keep ...
Saber's user avatar
  • 193
3 votes
1 answer
30 views

Quotation Question in APA Format Critical Analysis

I am writing a critical analysis of an article involving a "rule". Every time the authors mention the word "rule", it is in quotations. Would it be correct to also include "rule" in quotations every ...
BHannah's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
1 answer
51 views

APA Citation for a undergrad-level book review

I'm writing a book review for sociology on the book Sidewalk by Mitchell Duneier. This book is the ONLY source for my whole paper. It is the only citation that I am using and the only outside source ...
CITATIONSSUCK's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the correct way to cite a paraphrase of another source?

I am trying to cite a paper that paraphrases a quote from another paper by the same authors. However, 1) it is unclear where the paraphrase starts, and 2) they have not yet published the second paper. ...
Sigma - check out Codidact's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
36 views

APA Citations - Online Databases [closed]

I'm new to APA and putting together a large report, but having trouble with figuring out the correct citations for some online databases. Both are government databases where you can search for ...
salmon_man's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
3k views

When is it okay to insert a page break before a new paragraph?

I sometimes find myself with only one to three lines between the start of a paragraph and the end of a page when writing papers. When using the APA format, is it okay to insert a page break before the ...
Mitch Talmadge's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to properly reference a figure or table from another paper in APA style without copying the image?

I just want to mention a picture/table in my text in APA style, without using the image in my work. I think of something similar as follows: Page and Brim (2016) show in Figure 99 "Description of ...
Anderson's user avatar
  • 103
5 votes
1 answer
75 views

Is there a comprehensive APA style manual available online?

I am new to APA style and have noticed that web search results for specific APA style questions (e.g. "apa style p-values") tend to yield results from Q/A sites or of people's personal blogs ...
dinosaur's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
1 answer
136 views

APA parenthetical citation: is extra information in the parentheses okay?

I'm proofing a document that employs the APA citation style. It contains several citations of the form: (Michaelson, 2000; cattle only) This seems wrong to me, especially since the semi-colon is ...
Cary C's user avatar
  • 176
2 votes
2 answers
4k views

Citing a Poem in APA

I'm having trouble finding any reputable source online that indicates how to cite a poem in APA, and I don't have access to a physical copy of the APA manual right now. Does anyone know how to cite a ...
vpn's user avatar
  • 159
4 votes
1 answer
7k views

APA Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology

I am using a couple edited books in a paper I am writing. From each one, I need to cite 2-3 chapters. MLA offers a way to "cross-reference" within a reference list when citing multiple chapters from ...
vpn's user avatar
  • 159
2 votes
1 answer
9k views

APA: How to cite an application report or an application note

I'm working on an engineering project and lots of the design decisions I've made are based on application notes or application reports made by manufacturers, like this one: http://www.ti.com/lit/an/...
Luis Ramon Ramirez Rodriguez's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

Question regarding topics and headings for APA papers

I am writing a trending topic paper for my Sociology class using APA format. I have 10 topics that I must talk about. How do I do this with the headings? I need the reader to know the different topics ...
Kate's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
4k views

Using Numbers in APA: 10 and 5 in the same sentence

I have a sentence in my manuscript with the following structure: "As to the technologies...., 10 participants identified ...., and 5 participants identified ....." According to APA: Use numerals ...
renakre's user avatar
  • 103
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

APA Headings- Frequency

How often should you use a heading? Are there any guidelines or limitations to using headings too often (i.e., every paragraph, every other paragraph, etc.)?
Christina's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

Citations for summary on a journal article - APA formatting

I'm writing an APA summary paper on a journal article. I am not using any other sources but that journal article. Would I need to keep citing the article throughout my paper such as putting ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
347 views

How to cite this document in APA style of citation

There is an online PDF document. It is issued by the Central Department of Statistics & Information (Saudi Arabia). The title of the document (42 pages long) is: Hajj Statistics. Year of ...
Adam's user avatar
  • 11