Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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1answer
91 views

what is account-based writing?

I am writing a report on brain injuries in sport and submitted it to my tutor, who has said that it is too account-based. She also said it 'lacked criticality and theoretical underpinnings' What does ...
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2answers
2k views

If I mention a fictional character in a paper will I need any citations or references?

I'm new here. Anyways my situation is that for my English class I'm writing a paper depicting the similarities between characters in fiction that begin their stories with overwhelming abilities such ...
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3answers
240 views

Where to put statistical signifance test results

I’m writing on my master thesis/dissertation and performed Chi-square tests to my check for statistical significance. I'll present the results of these tests in a table. Now I’m wondering if I should ...
3
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1answer
2k views

How to cite the source when paraphrasing/summarizing in Chicago-Turabian style

I might be asking the same question that is found here. However, it has no marked answer, and the one answer it has only has one upvote. It's crucial that I do this right, so I thought I should still ...
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1answer
43 views

Research paper: want to reprint an illustration but creator is dead w/no heirs — how do I get permission?

In a research paper, I want to include an illustation from a published monograph, however, to obtain permission from a deceased author with no known living relatives seems to be a problem? The ...
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1answer
50 views

How do I recreate this particular academic white paper format?

I want to produce a similar format like this example: https://basicattentiontoken.org/BasicAttentionTokenWhitePaper-4.pdf How can I do this in Google Docs? Is there a specific program that scholars ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Do we use an article with every item in a list of countable singular nouns?

For example: An RLC circuit is composed of resistor, inductor, and capacitor elements. Or: An RLC circuit is composed of a resistor, an inductor, and a capacitor elements. Which one is ...
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1answer
36 views

Formatting used when introducing a term

I found a previous post about introducing terms, but it doesn't quite answer my question. I have a more specific question about the punctuation used when introducing a term, and not how to ...
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1answer
2k views

How to format code in an academic report

I write a report and must think about the reader. The report has some code and some illustrations. I wonder how to display the code readably. I now mix the fonts Times New Roman 12 for normal text ...
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1answer
57 views

Preferred way of handling bibliography in academic writing

I write a B.Sc. thesis in google docs. They don't have a good way for references. They have something called citations which is not good for thesis. I've done my bibliography the IEEE way (IIUC) and ...
5
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1answer
52 views

How to reference a report from multiple universities using Vancouver style?

I need to to reference the report What leads developers towards the choice of a JavaScript framework?. The authors are A. Pano, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano D. Graziotin, University of ...
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5answers
98 views

What do you do to prevent dips during which you're not writing anything?

I'm currently a student and I write non-fiction every day. I've committed myself to writing 1000 words every day, and I am successfully doing this. However, I'm trying to improve a particular aspect ...
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1answer
43 views

Is the page after the title page numbered page 1 or page 2 in MLA7?

When writing a paper in MLA7 with a title page as the first page, would the second page of the document be numbered as such, or would it be numbered as page 1?
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0answers
50 views

English 1101 (1st Year) (Proof readers) [closed]

I am wanting to know if I post an essay, or excerpt from it, or even email someone with the time, an essay (No longer than 3 Pgs) if they would proof read it? Even if it's a simple, It's boring or too ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Cite letter and article separately even though both are on the same webpage?

I am writing a formal research paper (for a competition called National History Day), using the Chicago citation style. I am using as a source this article. I would like to quote/reference the letter ...
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2answers
455 views

“Quote” within a quote MLA

So I have a quote that has double quotation marks inside it. Would I leave those in? Or replace them with single quotes? In Carolyn Gregoire’s article “What Your 'Life Story' Really Says About You”...
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1answer
80 views

Does order matter in an MLA7 header

In A Pocket Style Manual, 7th ed., it says that, although MLA doesn't require a title page, you need to have a header with you name, instructor's name, course title, and the date. Title and ...
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1answer
128 views

MLA8 Refer to Multiple Subpages with One Citation

Is there a way to refer to different subpages of a website in text while only citing its main directory in the works cited? For example, the hypothetical webpage, www.example.com, has the following ...
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1answer
714 views

How can I rephrase that that? [closed]

I know its okay to leave it as "that that's why" but it sounds awkward. This is the sentence "It is very possible that since the armadillidium are not exposed to processed alcohol based scents daily ...
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2answers
721 views

How to properly reference a figure or table from another paper in APA style without copying the image?

I just want to mention a picture/table in my text in APA style, without using the image in my work. I think of something similar as follows: Page and Brim (2016) show in Figure 99 "Description of ...
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1answer
73 views

Academic books published by university presses: How much expertise do the editors have?

I'm talking about books on specific academic topic, e.g. history of the Aztecs before colonialism, which are published by university presses like the Oxford University Press. How expert are the ...
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6answers
3k views

How to write more clearly and with shorter sentences?

I struggle with writing an awful lot and would like to improve. One of my main problems (and the reason why writing seems to take me a very long time) is that I seem to be unable to write in shorter ...
2
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1answer
188 views

MLA Background Research Paper: Noting a citation in the text?

I need to write a background research paper on a science fair experiment, but it needs to be formatted in MLA. I looked up some examples of a MLA essay and research paper but there seems to be ...
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1answer
144 views

Should I layout my academic paper in one or two columns?

Many scientists obtain papers in electronic format and read them on a computer, tablet, or mobile phone screen. In print, a two column layout looks great and is easier to read than a broad single ...
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2answers
34 views

Correct spacing for “Smith et al. (2008)”

An academic paper is referred to as using the authors name and publication year. For example, Smith (2008) studied the property of blah-blah Smith and Johnson (2013)'s article investigated blah-...
2
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1answer
321 views

How does one evaluate his own writing ability?

I'm considering working in writing. I'd like to save myself some time in case I'm not up for the job. How do I go about evaluating myself as a professional writer? I was going to ask for a peer ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Multiple continues references in Microsoft office word 2013

I'm writing a paper for IEEE using Microsoft office Word 2013. I want to use dynamic reference which is available in this version of Word. In a place of my article the references are similar to: ...
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2answers
81 views

Numbering of Figures in a Calculus textbook

My question is regarding he numbering of Figures across an entire textbook. If a textbook contains chapters and each chapter contains sections, should I reset the counts in each section? Or should I ...
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3answers
156 views

An educational ‘roadmap’ to become a proficient writer? [closed]

I need both information about the material as well as about the time it requires to learn to write. What could be a comprehensive reading list of exemplary works for a solid base? And a good reading ...
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2answers
138 views

Writing guides for writing like the Oxbridge tradition?

I would like to know how to write in accordance with the Oxbridge tradition. I would like to know more about their writing style and if possible get a book that teaches it, or something similar to it. ...
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2answers
141 views

Is it a good practice to add thesis statement to non-academic writing? [closed]

Having thesis statement in the intro; what would you think is it a good practice to have in non-academic writing Thanks
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2answers
55 views

Finding literary critiques

I have been finding it very difficult to come up with topics/ theses for my essay assignments and I think reading the works of more experienced scholars may be useful. However, I haven't been able to ...
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1answer
57 views

APA parenthetical citation: is extra information in the parentheses okay?

I'm proofing a document that employs the APA citation style. It contains several citations of the form: (Michaelson, 2000; cattle only) This seems wrong to me, especially since the semi-colon is ...
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2answers
73 views

Structural templates in scholarly writing

I'm interested in the different ways that academic essays can be structured. Of course there is the 5-paragraph style learned by most Americans in secondary school: Introduction Argument 1 Argument ...
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4answers
106 views

How to move back to main section after finishing a sub-section

I am writing a paper but I don't know how to move back to the main section after I'm done writing a sub-section, like this: 1.1 Main section 1.1.1 subsection 1 1.1.2 subsection 2 As I write long ...
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1answer
70 views

Can I use subsections in place of lists

Is it ok to use subsections in place of lists? Consider the following: %---------------------------------------------------- My plans %(section starts here) abcdefgh ijkl..... Following are my ...
4
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1answer
4k views

APA Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology

I am using a couple edited books in a paper I am writing. From each one, I need to cite 2-3 chapters. MLA offers a way to "cross-reference" within a reference list when citing multiple chapters from ...
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5answers
3k views

Can anyone become a good writer? [closed]

Is it possible to become an Ernest Hemingway? Sure, someone can learn to spell, put punctuation in the right places, and keep his sentences down to twenty words. That doesn’t make you Earnest ...
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3answers
122 views

PhD thesis: how to visually separate the “general conclusion” chapter from the last part

Suppose the outline of my PhD thesis looks like this: Acronyms Preface Introduction Part I: some topic Chapter 1: ... Chapter 2: ... Part II: another topic Chapter 3: ... Chapter 4: ... ...
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2answers
41 views

A heading on a paper

When you are doing a research paper or a writing and you have two people doing it, do you put a comma before the and in something like... By Arielle, and Bella?
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1answer
433 views

How to cite Authorization for Use of Military Force as published online in MLA style?

The newest version of the MLA manual came out in April and so the OWL Perdue website is technically out of date. Also, additional websites (including the Illinois State University page on citing ...
2
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1answer
24 views

Adding links as foot notes

In my thesis, I have added some links as footnotes. I have seen it in some published papers also. But my supervisor tells me to not to add footnotes to them, but add citations. The links I have added ...
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3answers
408 views

How to refer to myself in a research paper?

Okay so I have collected personal spending data of myself and significant other over a period of 6 months. I'm quite happy with the data and would like to present it and write it up as a research ...
3
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2answers
11k views

What is the image size in scientific paper if indicated as “a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image”?

I would like to submit my manuscript in ecology, containing Figures. However, in Author guidelines, I found that I have to Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image. ...
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1answer
489 views

How can I rewrite the sentence for technical writing style [closed]

I want to rewrite my sentence in technical writing style. Could you help me rewrite my sentence? Thank you in advance The proposed methods has 4 variables need to update in a optimization process, ...
3
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2answers
109 views

Diagram wider than text width

In a math book, is it OK to have a diagram wider than text width (so overriding the margins)? Also, how do I center a wide figure so that it occupies both the left margin and the right margin (not ...
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4answers
2k views

Can an essay have a preface?

I'm writing a multi-faceted essay that will fill multiple pages (I suppose that it could be considered a collage of essays that build on each other to support one larger theme). This is something I've ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Using Numbers in APA: 10 and 5 in the same sentence

I have a sentence in my manuscript with the following structure: "As to the technologies...., 10 participants identified ...., and 5 participants identified ....." According to APA: Use numerals ...
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1answer
156 views

Should I be concerned about plagiarism with this excerpt in a research paper?

I'm new to writing research papers and I need some help, with plagiarism in general. Here is an excerpt from my paper. Is this within the usual norms for research papers, or am I risking plagiarizing? ...
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2answers
804 views

where to put the Annex

My teacher asked me to move some part to the Annex of the master thesis. I don't know where should I put this Annex thing, I have index, list of figures, list of appreviatiosn, then many chapters, ...

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