Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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26 views

writing task1 the transformation in Castellón - the city of Spain [closed]

Look at my essay below. I appreciate your help. The two maps compare the transformation in Castellón - the city of Spain from 2000 to the recent period of time. It is clear that the Castellón ...
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1answer
29 views

Gerund vs noun in academic writing

I wonder what is the best way to describe things in an academic manuscript writing. for example, I have a sentence therefore, passivation of the surface or the introduction of additional interlayers ...
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27 views

In an academic Paper, should you mention/reference stuff like Definitions or Theorems? Or are they part of the “text flow”?

I'm not sure if my question is entirely subjective or not. I'm asking because maybe there is a "standard" way of doing it. I haven't found anything about this because it's kind of difficult to search ...
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31 views

Writing a press release without tacky self-promotion

I recently graduated from a university and was selected to participate in an exciting team event that likely would interest the public. One member from my time suggested that I either: (1) Write "...
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2answers
34 views

Order of “List of”s in TOC

Is there an accepted order in which "List of"s should appear in the document? For example, I have a section dedicated to "List of (Code) Listings", another for "List of Figures", and another for "...
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Can I put a strong sarcastic statement in “formal” speeches or debates

I have to write a speech on 'High level of illiteracy in [some country]', can I include a strong satire on bureaucrats, on power? I am not mentioning the sarcasm here, due to some reasons, (I will ...
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31 views

Will I use “the” in that instance or leave it with no article? [closed]

If I'm given a choice, to put "the" or leave the word with no article, what's the better answer? The world helps in boosting young confidence. The world helps in boosting the young confidence. Thank ...
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35 views

Explicit scientific syntax for academic writing (like a programming language but for scientific reports and publishing)?

This is a project I am thinking of working on in the future. Is anyone familiar with attempts to codify and create an explicit syntax for reporting science? E.g. like you would have specific ...
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52 views

Translation as a Master’s lthesis

Hi I am on final semester of my Master’s programme in Islamic Finance and my supervisor suggested me to translate one of his book from Arabic to English as my thesis. I wonder does translation counts ...
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3answers
114 views

Does the excessive use of parentheses around part of a word make writing fuzzy?

I would like to hear opinions about the use of parentheses around a word or part of a word to allow for more than one reading of a sentence. I see this quite often in scientific English written by ...
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1answer
59 views

Writing structure of a book review

I am writing a book review about the book My name is number 4 by Ting-Xing Ye. The book review is going to have a thesis statement, with 3 supporting arguments. I was wondering including those ...
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4answers
78 views

How can I abbreviate “Equations” and “Recommendations” in a text?

When I want to abbreviate the words "Equations" and "Recommendations" in a text, how can I do this? for example Solving the above eqs. / eq's. is not possible unless by computers. After ...
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113 views

The excessive use of 'and'

The word 'and' is an indispensable conjoining tool in any form and discipline of writing. Although, a repetition of the word can make a paragraph too tedious to read, and it only lengthens a sentence ...
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In academic writing why do some recommend to avoid “announcing” the topic?

In academic writing, several articles on the topic of writing papers denounce the practice of "announcing" the topic. As an example, if a paper were to read... The goal of this study is to not be ...
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135 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing effectively? [closed]

I always face the problem of word limit. How can I shorten a piece of writing without causing its original essence to mar? How can I be effective in doing that? Are there any general rules? For ...
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34 views

Subfigures in a figure, how to label?

So if I later refer to figure 2 (i) or figure 2 (ii) would it be better for the figure to be labelled as is Figure 2: Figure (i) shows cycle C? or Figure 2: (i) shows cycle C or Figure 2: ...
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56 views

What methods can I use to improve my English writing skills? [closed]

everyone! I'm just an English learner now, but I intend to use English in my career. I suppose everyone knows requirements to pass one of common English tests. Also I wish I became a student of a ...
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103 views

Writing order of Chinese names

can anyone tell me whether the written Chinese name should be in the order of "surname + given name", or another way around? And of course, in academic writing. I am a PhD student in Bristol, I ...
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1answer
41 views

Is it acceptable in academic writing to write “their very self” or “very + [noun]”?

Is the "very + [noun]" structure, as an emphasis on the noun, formal-enough for an academic paper? For example in the sentence below: "The environment had a significant impact on the state of his ...
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13 views

Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start ...
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4answers
170 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing without losing its original essence?

I need to know how to make my writing more brief without maring its original meaning and message. I have been struggling with that for a while, and still cannot do that. It simply seems to me that you ...
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1answer
62 views

How to link paragraphs in essays and articles?

All I can find online is cohesion and coherence for paragraphs. But in a essay how can I link all the paragraphs. Any good methods for the university level. It would be great if I can find an ...
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2answers
60 views

Where to put acronym/abbreviation explanation?

I'm writing my thesis, and I use some acronyms in it. For example "MDBs" = "Multilateral Development Banks". Usually, I write "Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)" the first time I cite it and ...
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3answers
82 views

Using a prominent phrase from the title of a film in the body of an article, essay or paper, without referencing the title

I'll start with a clear example. You are writing an essay about the film The Wizard of Oz. Following the rules of titles, you put the film title in italics whenever you use it. But then you use the ...
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4answers
156 views

How do you write short-short nonfiction?

I need to write an opinion, narrative of only 80 words in length. Examples: write about your fondest childhood memory/comment: homework should be banned, etc. How are short-short pieces like this ...
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53 views

Difference between Abstract, Introduction and Conclusion in a research paper

I have found some similar questions here but they were about the difference between Abstract and Introduction without the Conclusion. So, what difference between Abstract, Introduction from one side ...
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1answer
63 views

How to use special characters in footnote numbering within Word

I'm using Microsoft Word 2016 for formatting my paper. I'm trying to use different footnote numbering sequences for the title page and main body. More specifically, I want to use special characters ...
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1answer
55 views

Thesis writing: consistency of symbols

I'm writing a thesis about Basel Accords. In a section, I use the letter w to indicate the weights of the assets used to calculate the capital requirement. In another section, can I use again the ...
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3answers
36 views

Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote was ...
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58 views

How to name sections containing only source code in appendix?

I am writing on my thesis, containing a lot of implementations. Due to readability, I locate all my source code in the Appendix. Is there a style guide on how to name these sections in the Appendix? ...
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115 views

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc.?

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc. ? The person has a Wikipedia page and news references. Thanks!
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57 views

Should I include details relevant to a “close reading” in my thesis statement?

I am writing a five-page essay about a novel my literature class has read. I do not want to post my thesis or any snippets of my essay for fear that a plagiarism checker will flag my paper. My paper'...
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5k views

How should I quote American English speakers in a British English essay?

I am working on a formal essay where I have to quote a few American English speakers, but my essay is written in British English. Should I change terms like color to colour?
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1answer
58 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
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71 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
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3k views

How should one refer to knights (& dames) in academic writing?

In ordinary English usage, one would refer to a knight called 'Forename Surname' as Sir Forename, not Surname, e.g. Sir Forename is distinguished in ... But in academic writing, one would typically ...
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1answer
90 views

In scientific writing, what is the protocol for shortening nouns?

I often see place or species names shortened in scientific journal articles and would like to know what the correct protocol is. Can I shorten "Gough Island" to just "Gough"? Or "leatherback turtle" ...
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1answer
47 views

Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/...
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92 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
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1answer
56 views

In an academic paper, who should be listed as the author of a community-authored document?

I'm currently writing my bachelor thesis, which will involve citing the Angular docs. Angular is a web framework developed by both community developers and employees of Google LLC (Google is the ...
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115 views

Rebuttals in argumentative writing

I am writing an argumentative essay and it goes along the following lines... Advantage 1; rebuttal 1 Advantage 2; rebuttal 2 Disadvantages Would it be better to address the rebuttals in the ...
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1answer
84 views

Does the word 'authored by' imply the non-existence of co-authors? [closed]

In an article I'm co-authoring, I'm about to say the following: ... d is the number of articles authored by John Doe ... But then I thought this would be better: ... d is the number of articles ...
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1answer
61 views

How to count the words in a figure or table?

In some journals, they ask that small figures should contain 300 words while large should have 600 words. So how we can count the words in a figure? secondly, If a figure contains 4 graphs like a,b,c,...
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2k views

How to avoid introduction cliches

I'm writing a research paper in one of my math classes about the P vs NP problem. I feel the introduction to my paper sounds like a cliche. This is my intro: In the field of mathematics, there are ...
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1answer
40 views

How do I write a long title in APA?

I'm writing a science paper for school, and my teacher said I need a short title (running title) and a long title that uses active voice (a sentence). How do I write the long title? The short title ...
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1answer
57 views

How should 'a posteriori' and 'a priori' be used? [closed]

I'm currently writing a scientific report, and have noted that a future investigator could use certain tactics to make their life easier. However, I only discovered this after having gone through the ...
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1answer
71 views

How to choose an English proofreading and editing services for master thesis?

I am a master's student, and English is not my native language. To review and edit my thesis in English, I need an online reliable English proofreading and editing service. What do you suggest ...
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4answers
140 views

Is elaborating the opposite case in brackets acceptable and clear?

Is Sentence A an acceptable and clear way of shortening Sentence B? Sentence A: A firm outperforms (underperforms) the industry when expression (1) results in a positive (negative) value. ...
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1answer
120 views

How to write a sentence with the '=' symbol in it?

Does the following line sound okay when read out? We choose the index n=5. If not, how can I restructure it to make it a good readable sentence still with the '=' symbol? I am trying to follow ...
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1answer
147 views

Is it ok to use long footnotes?

In my text, I have a footnote (6 or 7 lines) that is meant to be an extra insight. It does seem, however, to be a bit large for a footnote. On the other hand, if I try to place it inside the text, ...

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