Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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0answers
23 views

proper(more effective) verb location in passive sentence [migrated]

I need put verb (developed) in proper place in that passive sentence: First Option: In that book were developed the basic ideas about the cell and its biological properties. Second Option: In that ...
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0answers
8 views

What's the different between the part of Abstract and the part of Introduction in academic writing?

I'm really understand the two things between the Abstract and Introduction in academic writing. In my opinion, the Abstract just talks about the aim of the articial and the structure of articial. And ...
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1answer
18 views

APA - Citing foreign language texts

I have a written response that involves several sources from foreign languages (namely Latin and Italian, with the paper being written in English). How would I quote and reference these sources? For ...
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27 views

Is it appropriate to add a new reference in revising a manuscript?

Is it appropriate to add a new reference in the revised version of a manuscript?
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1answer
158 views

Using “her/him” twice in a sentence

I'm an English learner, and I had a question about writing "her" twice in one sentence. For example, what would sound better for formal writing? (This is not an actual sentence that I'm using.) This ...
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1answer
33 views

mentioning verbatim sentence of another research

Is it possible to use a verbatim sentence of another research in our own studies? I, as an undergraduate psychology student who doesn't have any research experience, have heard that this is not ...
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1answer
40 views

Alternative for “first” at the beginning of a sentence

I am writing a paper in the mathematics field, and I found out that very often (too often) I begin sentences and paragraphs with the word "first". For example, "First, define P as the string..." I ...
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1answer
78 views

How to introduce a “fourth reason” after having stated that there are “three main reasons”?

In an academic paper, I have written "There are three main arguments for why X is not Z." I have then discussed them like this: "First, ....​ (of medium length) The second argument is that ... (...
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1answer
19 views

preposition for 'point of investigation' [closed]

We have sampling points where we take water samples from a river. We define them as points of investigation (e.g abb. P1) and use always 'concentrations in the P1' as the point is located in the river....
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1answer
50 views

Does this writing style have a proper name?

I'm curious to know if this style of writing (pattern) has a name. They can sometimes take up almost a full paragraph giving background about a specific person or subject when introducing them into an ...
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1answer
40 views

What does P mean in S.C.O.P.E.? [closed]

I know I might be the only one learning this but what does P mean in S.C.O.P.E.? I tried accessing a website but could not due to restrictions put on by the owner.
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APA style footnote explanation

What is the recommended way of explaining terms, like psychometrics, that are not essential to the paper (APA style)? Is it possble to add a footnote plus reference to explain the term? Or explain ...
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1answer
101 views

What is this writing style called and how can I remove pronouns?

Some background. I am currently in the editing phase of my dissertation and I have no clue what 'tense?'/'personage?'/writing 'style?' I have used. For example consider the sentence, "In this ...
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13 views

How can I cite multiple pages from the same site with no author listed in MLA?

I'm writing an MLA paper which in which I need to site 2 pages from https://www.merriam-webster.com. Here are what my citations look like in my works cited page: "dirigisme". Merriam-Webster Online,...
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1answer
40 views

Gerund vs noun in academic writing

I wonder what is the best way to describe things in an academic manuscript writing. for example, I have a sentence therefore, passivation of the surface or the introduction of additional interlayers ...
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1answer
30 views

In an academic Paper, should you mention/reference stuff like Definitions or Theorems? Or are they part of the “text flow”?

I'm not sure if my question is entirely subjective or not. I'm asking because maybe there is a "standard" way of doing it. I haven't found anything about this because it's kind of difficult to search ...
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1answer
121 views

Writing a press release without tacky self-promotion

I recently graduated from a university and was selected to participate in an exciting team event that likely would interest the public. One member from my time suggested that I either: (1) Write "...
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2answers
38 views

Order of “List of”s in TOC

Is there an accepted order in which "List of"s should appear in the document? For example, I have a section dedicated to "List of (Code) Listings", another for "List of Figures", and another for "...
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20 views

Can I put a strong sarcastic statement in “formal” speeches or debates

I have to write a speech on 'High level of illiteracy in [some country]', can I include a strong satire on bureaucrats, on power? I am not mentioning the sarcasm here, due to some reasons, (I will ...
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2answers
32 views

Will I use “the” in that instance or leave it with no article? [closed]

If I'm given a choice, to put "the" or leave the word with no article, what's the better answer? The world helps in boosting young confidence. The world helps in boosting the young confidence. Thank ...
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0answers
42 views

Explicit scientific syntax for academic writing (like a programming language but for scientific reports and publishing)?

This is a project I am thinking of working on in the future. Is anyone familiar with attempts to codify and create an explicit syntax for reporting science? E.g. like you would have specific ...
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1answer
53 views

Translation as a Master’s lthesis

Hi I am on final semester of my Master’s programme in Islamic Finance and my supervisor suggested me to translate one of his book from Arabic to English as my thesis. I wonder does translation counts ...
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3answers
120 views

Does the excessive use of parentheses around part of a word make writing fuzzy?

I would like to hear opinions about the use of parentheses around a word or part of a word to allow for more than one reading of a sentence. I see this quite often in scientific English written by ...
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1answer
63 views

Writing structure of a book review

I am writing a book review about the book My name is number 4 by Ting-Xing Ye. The book review is going to have a thesis statement, with 3 supporting arguments. I was wondering including those ...
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4answers
80 views

How can I abbreviate “Equations” and “Recommendations” in a text?

When I want to abbreviate the words "Equations" and "Recommendations" in a text, how can I do this? for example Solving the above eqs. / eq's. is not possible unless by computers. After ...
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1answer
123 views

The excessive use of 'and'

The word 'and' is an indispensable conjoining tool in any form and discipline of writing. Although, a repetition of the word can make a paragraph too tedious to read, and it only lengthens a sentence ...
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3answers
6k views

In academic writing why do some recommend to avoid “announcing” the topic?

In academic writing, several articles on the topic of writing papers denounce the practice of "announcing" the topic. As an example, if a paper were to read... The goal of this study is to not be ...
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2answers
135 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing effectively? [closed]

I always face the problem of word limit. How can I shorten a piece of writing without causing its original essence to mar? How can I be effective in doing that? Are there any general rules? For ...
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2answers
41 views

Subfigures in a figure, how to label?

So if I later refer to figure 2 (i) or figure 2 (ii) would it be better for the figure to be labelled as is Figure 2: Figure (i) shows cycle C? or Figure 2: (i) shows cycle C or Figure 2: ...
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1answer
59 views

What methods can I use to improve my English writing skills? [closed]

everyone! I'm just an English learner now, but I intend to use English in my career. I suppose everyone knows requirements to pass one of common English tests. Also I wish I became a student of a ...
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2answers
104 views

Writing order of Chinese names

can anyone tell me whether the written Chinese name should be in the order of "surname + given name", or another way around? And of course, in academic writing. I am a PhD student in Bristol, I ...
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1answer
46 views

Is it acceptable in academic writing to write “their very self” or “very + [noun]”?

Is the "very + [noun]" structure, as an emphasis on the noun, formal-enough for an academic paper? For example in the sentence below: "The environment had a significant impact on the state of his ...
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2answers
24 views

Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start ...
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4answers
183 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing without losing its original essence?

I need to know how to make my writing more brief without maring its original meaning and message. I have been struggling with that for a while, and still cannot do that. It simply seems to me that you ...
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1answer
80 views

How to link paragraphs in essays and articles?

All I can find online is cohesion and coherence for paragraphs. But in a essay how can I link all the paragraphs. Any good methods for the university level. It would be great if I can find an ...
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2answers
60 views

Where to put acronym/abbreviation explanation?

I'm writing my thesis, and I use some acronyms in it. For example "MDBs" = "Multilateral Development Banks". Usually, I write "Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)" the first time I cite it and ...
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3answers
88 views

Using a prominent phrase from the title of a film in the body of an article, essay or paper, without referencing the title

I'll start with a clear example. You are writing an essay about the film The Wizard of Oz. Following the rules of titles, you put the film title in italics whenever you use it. But then you use the ...
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4answers
159 views

How do you write short-short nonfiction?

I need to write an opinion, narrative of only 80 words in length. Examples: write about your fondest childhood memory/comment: homework should be banned, etc. How are short-short pieces like this ...
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1answer
58 views

Difference between Abstract, Introduction and Conclusion in a research paper

I have found some similar questions here but they were about the difference between Abstract and Introduction without the Conclusion. So, what difference between Abstract, Introduction from one side ...
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1answer
87 views

How to use special characters in footnote numbering within Word

I'm using Microsoft Word 2016 for formatting my paper. I'm trying to use different footnote numbering sequences for the title page and main body. More specifically, I want to use special characters ...
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1answer
57 views

Thesis writing: consistency of symbols

I'm writing a thesis about Basel Accords. In a section, I use the letter w to indicate the weights of the assets used to calculate the capital requirement. In another section, can I use again the ...
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3answers
40 views

Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote was ...
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2answers
62 views

How to name sections containing only source code in appendix?

I am writing on my thesis, containing a lot of implementations. Due to readability, I locate all my source code in the Appendix. Is there a style guide on how to name these sections in the Appendix? ...
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2answers
119 views

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc.?

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc. ? The person has a Wikipedia page and news references. Thanks!
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2answers
57 views

Should I include details relevant to a “close reading” in my thesis statement?

I am writing a five-page essay about a novel my literature class has read. I do not want to post my thesis or any snippets of my essay for fear that a plagiarism checker will flag my paper. My paper'...
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2answers
5k views

How should I quote American English speakers in a British English essay?

I am working on a formal essay where I have to quote a few American English speakers, but my essay is written in British English. Should I change terms like color to colour?
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1answer
58 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
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4answers
72 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
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3answers
3k views

How should one refer to knights (& dames) in academic writing?

In ordinary English usage, one would refer to a knight called 'Forename Surname' as Sir Forename, not Surname, e.g. Sir Forename is distinguished in ... But in academic writing, one would typically ...
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1answer
93 views

In scientific writing, what is the protocol for shortening nouns?

I often see place or species names shortened in scientific journal articles and would like to know what the correct protocol is. Can I shorten "Gough Island" to just "Gough"? Or "leatherback turtle" ...

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