Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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Can I use the word “where” as a Subordinating Conjunction which is not referring to a place or location?

I'm about to finish writing a thesis on technical topics. I'm contemplating, whether or not I'm using the word "where" correctly as a subordinating conjunction. English is my second language. Here ...
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4answers
73 views

How can I abbreviate “Equations” and “Recommendations” in a text?

When I want to abbreviate the words "Equations" and "Recommendations" in a text, how can I do this? for example Solving the above eqs. / eq's. is not possible unless by computers. After ...
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1answer
97 views

The excessive use of 'and'

The word 'and' is an indispensable conjoining tool in any form and discipline of writing. Although, a repetition of the word can make a paragraph too tedious to read, and it only lengthens a sentence ...
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3answers
6k views

In academic writing why do some recommend to avoid “announcing” the topic?

In academic writing, several articles on the topic of writing papers denounce the practice of "announcing" the topic. As an example, if a paper were to read... The goal of this study is to not be ...
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2answers
133 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing effectively? [closed]

I always face the problem of word limit. How can I shorten a piece of writing without causing its original essence to mar? How can I be effective in doing that? Are there any general rules? For ...
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50 views

Difference between willst and wilt in Shakespearean? [migrated]

I am writing a scene from Macbeth detailing the battle before the play for my 11th grade English class, and I decided to write it in Shakespearean for fun. I have been trying to figure out the ...
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2answers
34 views

Subfigures in a figure, how to label?

So if I later refer to figure 2 (i) or figure 2 (ii) would it be better for the figure to be labelled as is Figure 2: Figure (i) shows cycle C? or Figure 2: (i) shows cycle C or Figure 2: ...
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1answer
54 views

What methods can I use to improve my English writing skills? [closed]

everyone! I'm just an English learner now, but I intend to use English in my career. I suppose everyone knows requirements to pass one of common English tests. Also I wish I became a student of a ...
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0answers
50 views

Writing order of Chinese names

can anyone tell me whether the written Chinese name should be in the order of "surname + given name", or another way around? And of course, in academic writing. I am a PhD student in Bristol, I ...
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1answer
40 views

Is it acceptable in academic writing to write “their very self” or “very + [noun]”?

Is the "very + [noun]" structure, as an emphasis on the noun, formal-enough for an academic paper? For example in the sentence below: "The environment had a significant impact on the state of his ...
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12 views

Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start ...
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2answers
99 views

How can I shorten a piece of writing without losing its original essence?

I need to know how to make my writing more brief without maring its original meaning and message. I have been struggling with that for a while, and still cannot do that. It simply seems to me that you ...
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1answer
47 views

How to link paragraphs in essays and articles?

All I can find online is cohesion and coherence for paragraphs. But in a essay how can I link all the paragraphs. Any good methods for the university level. It would be great if I can find an ...
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2answers
60 views

Where to put acronym/abbreviation explanation?

I'm writing my thesis, and I use some acronyms in it. For example "MDBs" = "Multilateral Development Banks". Usually, I write "Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)" the first time I cite it and ...
2
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3answers
78 views

Using a prominent phrase from the title of a film in the body of an article, essay or paper, without referencing the title

I'll start with a clear example. You are writing an essay about the film The Wizard of Oz. Following the rules of titles, you put the film title in italics whenever you use it. But then you use the ...
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4answers
150 views

How do you write short-short nonfiction?

I need to write an opinion, narrative of only 80 words in length. Examples: write about your fondest childhood memory/comment: homework should be banned, etc. How are short-short pieces like this ...
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1answer
50 views

Difference between Abstract, Introduction and Conclusion in a research paper

I have found some similar questions here but they were about the difference between Abstract and Introduction without the Conclusion. So, what difference between Abstract, Introduction from one side ...
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1answer
53 views

How to use special characters in footnote numbering within Word

I'm using Microsoft Word 2016 for formatting my paper. I'm trying to use different footnote numbering sequences for the title page and main body. More specifically, I want to use special characters ...
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1answer
55 views

Thesis writing: consistency of symbols

I'm writing a thesis about Basel Accords. In a section, I use the letter w to indicate the weights of the assets used to calculate the capital requirement. In another section, can I use again the ...
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3answers
35 views

Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote was ...
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2answers
57 views

How to name sections containing only source code in appendix?

I am writing on my thesis, containing a lot of implementations. Due to readability, I locate all my source code in the Appendix. Is there a style guide on how to name these sections in the Appendix? ...
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2answers
110 views

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc.?

How does a person get an entry on Britannica, Encyclopedia.com etc. ? The person has a Wikipedia page and news references. Thanks!
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2answers
57 views

Should I include details relevant to a “close reading” in my thesis statement?

I am writing a five-page essay about a novel my literature class has read. I do not want to post my thesis or any snippets of my essay for fear that a plagiarism checker will flag my paper. My paper'...
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2answers
5k views

How should I quote American English speakers in a British English essay?

I am working on a formal essay where I have to quote a few American English speakers, but my essay is written in British English. Should I change terms like color to colour?
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1answer
58 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
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4answers
68 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
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3answers
3k views

How should one refer to knights (& dames) in academic writing?

In ordinary English usage, one would refer to a knight called 'Forename Surname' as Sir Forename, not Surname, e.g. Sir Forename is distinguished in ... But in academic writing, one would typically ...
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1answer
89 views

In scientific writing, what is the protocol for shortening nouns?

I often see place or species names shortened in scientific journal articles and would like to know what the correct protocol is. Can I shorten "Gough Island" to just "Gough"? Or "leatherback turtle" ...
4
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1answer
39 views

Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/...
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2answers
90 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
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1answer
56 views

In an academic paper, who should be listed as the author of a community-authored document?

I'm currently writing my bachelor thesis, which will involve citing the Angular docs. Angular is a web framework developed by both community developers and employees of Google LLC (Google is the ...
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2answers
90 views

Rebuttals in argumentative writing

I am writing an argumentative essay and it goes along the following lines... Advantage 1; rebuttal 1 Advantage 2; rebuttal 2 Disadvantages Would it be better to address the rebuttals in the ...
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1answer
83 views

Does the word 'authored by' imply the non-existence of co-authors? [closed]

In an article I'm co-authoring, I'm about to say the following: ... d is the number of articles authored by John Doe ... But then I thought this would be better: ... d is the number of articles ...
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1answer
55 views

How to count the words in a figure or table?

In some journals, they ask that small figures should contain 300 words while large should have 600 words. So how we can count the words in a figure? secondly, If a figure contains 4 graphs like a,b,c,...
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2answers
2k views

How to avoid introduction cliches

I'm writing a research paper in one of my math classes about the P vs NP problem. I feel the introduction to my paper sounds like a cliche. This is my intro: In the field of mathematics, there are ...
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1answer
39 views

How do I write a long title in APA?

I'm writing a science paper for school, and my teacher said I need a short title (running title) and a long title that uses active voice (a sentence). How do I write the long title? The short title ...
2
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1answer
45 views

How should 'a posteriori' and 'a priori' be used? [closed]

I'm currently writing a scientific report, and have noted that a future investigator could use certain tactics to make their life easier. However, I only discovered this after having gone through the ...
3
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1answer
69 views

How to choose an English proofreading and editing services for master thesis?

I am a master's student, and English is not my native language. To review and edit my thesis in English, I need an online reliable English proofreading and editing service. What do you suggest ...
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4answers
130 views

Is elaborating the opposite case in brackets acceptable and clear?

Is Sentence A an acceptable and clear way of shortening Sentence B? Sentence A: A firm outperforms (underperforms) the industry when expression (1) results in a positive (negative) value. ...
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1answer
119 views

How to write a sentence with the '=' symbol in it?

Does the following line sound okay when read out? We choose the index n=5. If not, how can I restructure it to make it a good readable sentence still with the '=' symbol? I am trying to follow ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Is it ok to use long footnotes?

In my text, I have a footnote (6 or 7 lines) that is meant to be an extra insight. It does seem, however, to be a bit large for a footnote. On the other hand, if I try to place it inside the text, ...
3
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6answers
151 views

Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start ...
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1answer
45 views

MLA: Indirect Citation without quote

I have a text which I would like to quote. However, the particular section of the text in which I am interested cites but does not directly quote another author. Do I need an indirect citation, and ...
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3answers
81 views

How to document and cite website downtime properly?

I couldn't find anything on this one, so maybe someone has a good idea on what would be considered good practice in a scholarly context. Background For a semester project, I have to observe an ...
4
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1answer
107 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
5
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1answer
53 views

Examples & humor in educational podcast

I know Technical Writing is not supposed to have our personalities in it, but when I taught, I sought out educational videos/resources that had a bit of personality in them. Example: The Oatmeal's ...
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6answers
2k views

Is using first person in academic/technical essays always bad?

For as long as I can remember, my teachers have taught me never to use first person in an essay. Yet, some of the examples we read in classes, or older writings we have to annotate, are written in ...
3
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1answer
69 views

How should I describe a light beam coming out from any point in polar coordinates?

In my article a half circle shaped sheet is being rotated on z axis. A light beam is constructed on the surface of the sheet in any time in any point. How should I describe the light beam with its ...
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4answers
382 views

How to write an introduction letter as a professor? [closed]

Imagine my professor wants to introduce me to a famous university, but he is too busy to write an introduction letter1. I need to write it myself as if I was my professor, and he only has to sign it. ...
6
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5answers
85 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...