Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others. Use the tag [scientific-publishing] in addition, if relevant.

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Do I ignore 'How' in a works cited page?

Here is the citation: “How AI is Expanding the Attack Surface.” ITWeb, 23 Jan 2024, https://www.itweb.co.za/article/how-ai-is-expanding-the-attack-surface/mYZRXM9gQbovOgA8. Accessed 17 April 2024. I ...
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Can I summarize and paraphrase someone's findings and cite their authors and make it for my references?

I was using other researchers' sources. I want to summarize, paraphrase, and cite the authors of that previous study. I was writing my research paper and I stumbled upon important information, but the ...
CEDDY's user avatar
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2 answers
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Where do the research question and thesis statement go in a paper?

My professor asked me to place both a research question and a thesis in my research paper. He said the thesis should answer the research question, which I understand, but usually my professors want me ...
Isabella's user avatar
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When a translation of an original name of a source is provided in a footnote of an academic text, how do I format reference to the source language?

I am translating an academic text into English. The text contains a lot of terminology and source names in several different languages. The rules of the source language of the text require shortening ...
Konigen's user avatar
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Is this sentence unneeded, or even detrimental?

I'm writing an essay, and I have in it this paragraph clip: "Finally, euphemisms are constantly used in both films in order to lessen the impact of what the American government was doing to ...
Daemonic's user avatar
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'Finally' in penultimate paragraph

I'm writing a professional essay for an argument, and I'm trying to find a good paragraph starter to use for the penultimate essay. I'm leaning towards writing something similar to 'finally,' or 'last ...
Daemonic's user avatar
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What's the format of a P.E.E.E.R. paragraph?

I know most of the parts of a P.E.E.E.R. paragraph, but I'm not sure what one of the Es are, and I'm not sure how they fit together. P is for Point, one E is for Evidence, another is for Explain. An ...
Daemonic's user avatar
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A Question on 'Topical Progression': How to Address Internal Inconsistencies in the Framework

(This question has been moved from English Language Stack Exchange on account of relevancy.) In my mission to improve my writing, I have come across a concept called 'topical progression' (discussed ...
MJ Ada's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should the APA In text citation go before or after organization name when the organization is used descriptively?

As examples, which would be considered correct in APA style? A: Researchers from the University of Michgian's Department of Computational Analysis (John et al., 2023) determined that... B: Researchers ...
Rich's user avatar
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3 answers
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How long does it take to publish in a magazine?

How long does it take to publish in a magazine? I have had a piece under consideration—with a fair number of emails and discussions with the editor—for five months with the editor still on the fence ...
David_Ave's user avatar
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Can a topic sentence occur at the second sentence of a body paragraph in an essay?

Can I bring up my topic sentence at the second sentence of one of the body paragraphs when I write an essay?
Reza Rostami's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Legality of screenshots from TV commercials

Screenshots from TV commercials. I'm writing a book on costume design for students and I want to show an image from A TV commercial showing an example of advertising costuming style. Is it legal to ...
Vin's user avatar
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Can I shorten section names of articles for in text citations MLA?

My professor is requiring I include section names in my MLA in text citation. It’s fine for most of my sources since their section names are one word like “symptoms” and “causes”. But one of them uses ...
Panda's user avatar
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Abreviating "Emphasis mine" within author citations

I am using author citations along with a List of Abbreviations in order to cite the same works by the same author repeatedly throughout a book-length text. Often I add italics to point out specific ...
Kilaya Ciriello's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
182 views

Writing from the First Person Singular vs. Plural

I encounter non-fiction books written by a single author who uses the first person plural to disclose findings: "we found that this and that happened" or "we already discussed such and ...
Kilaya Ciriello's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
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Are there any books on academic paper writing?

I currently have a job doing research, but since writing was not a part of my education curriculum (I studied engineering and mathematics) no one really taught me how to write these sorts of papers, ...
Ryan Folks's user avatar
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3 answers
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Breaking up long paragraphs with multiple aspects

In scholarly writing, I'm often confronted with having produced a very long paragraph that has the structure with: a single topic sentence, then an internal list of sibling supporting points, with ...
jameshowison's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
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Why are the bids for printing our book so high and what can we do to reduce costs?

I work for a US state DOT. We are trying to print our new standard specifications for construction. When we published in 2018, we got 1,000 copies for about $11/book. This time, we advertised for bids ...
Jack's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to rephrase and simplify a title? Need help with sentence structure

I have the following title: Why drinking from a glass bottle is better than drinking from a glass cup at work? I meant to say that there are lots of benefits to drinking from a glass bottle such ...
code_legend's user avatar
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2 answers
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Word order for adverbs in professional prose

I've been editing for my girlfriend, a non-native speaker, recently, and she asked me an interesting question, which we have modified to the following two questions: Which sounds more natural? Which ...
Sean Campbell's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
179 views

Combatting crippling perfectionism

I am attempting to begin writing a Substack newsletter, but I have hit a serious problem: I am a chronic, crippled perfectionist. I can't get through a sentence of any given post without freezing up ...
Duel's user avatar
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How do you write a scientific genus name in an already italicized text?

I am currently working on finishing up a thesis about my research in the field of biochemistry. The text that I am using to describe the figures is italicized. My question is: when I am trying to ...
Audrey's user avatar
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I’m back in graduate school and I’m struggling with writing APA. What’s the best way to learn?

What is the best way of learning APA writing if you have never written in that format?
Russell's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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How do you structure a term paper that involves comparing journal articles?

As part of a course on statistics and stochastic processes, I have to read 3-4 journal articles and write a paper explaining and comparing them and explaining my learnings from them as they relate to ...
user389532's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
234 views

Handling alternate spellings of a personal name

I'm dealing with a text that mentions several times the architectural historian Siegfried Giedion. A number of Giedion's books feature his first name as "Sigfried" and others as "...
Typothalamus's user avatar
1 vote
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How to mention the Excel attachment under a form

I'm filling out a form and section A of the form refers to the content of the Excel attachment . (The Excel attachment and the form are combined together as PDF, they are one document) Is this correct ...
user57851's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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"morally dialectical" is this phrase usable?

I'm wondering if this phrase can be used to characterize two characters, one who is morally good and one who is bad. Specifically I am trying to say that "I want to examine character A and ...
platypus222's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
90 views

When you write a book that seeks to inform people about some issue or some event, how do you structure your book?

Let's say I am writing a book about environment policy in China and how China managed to clean the air in its biggest cities drastically by going green, how would you structure a book like that? I ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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How to detect if a research team is outsourcing writing to increase paper publishing?

I have suspicions of a situation where a Computational Science research group is using paid writing services (outsourcing, using AI or human services) to increase their publication ratio in scientific ...
user1000565's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
146 views

Lower case or upper case letters at the beginning of rows and columns in tables?

On a recent review of an academic paper, a reviewer has pointed out that we sometimes use lower case letter at the start of expressions, and that we should check our tables in particular. True enough, ...
Sursula's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there a term describing two poems that start simultaneously or in succession?

I am studying a poem called Unbearable Weight of Staying by Warsan Shire. It includes regular type and then indented, italicised type e.g I don't know when love became elusive. My mother's laughter ...
SlummingWords4's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
65 views

Can I reference italics in academic writing?

I am analysing a poetry collection for college and one poem is 'Unbearable Weight of Staying' by Warsan Shire. She includes both regular and italicised type in the text, e.g: I don't know when love ...
SlummingWords4's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
110 views

What is good introductory book to learn scientific academic writing and publishing process?

I would like some help to find a good reference or textbook that covers the following points regarding scientific academic writing : What are the types of different publications and explaining their ...
AbdAllah Talaat's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
634 views

Is "point out" appropriate in formal writing?

Is it acceptable to say something like "[person] pointed out [things] as [things] that [action]" in formal academic writing? If not, what are some phrases with similar meaning that would be ...
Someone's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
162 views

Using "etc." at the end of list introduced by "e.g."

According to the Strunk & White's The Elements of Style (p. 46) at the end of a list introduced by such as, for example, or any similar expression, etc. is incorrect. However, I have seen "...
CLAUDE's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Can there be text in a section that isn't in a subsection?

Are there any recommendations against having text in a section when it's followed by subsections but that itself isn't in a subsection? For example, compare Case A: CHAPTER 1: Title of chapter 1 ...
Tfovid's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
62 views

Referring to an earlier defined phrase so that it's not taken literally

Say I define a phrase like 'pen' or '10 miles'. Then when I refer to these defined phrases inline in the text, how should I refer to them to let the reader know that I am referring to the defined ...
rlll's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
155 views

Resources for beginner/intermediate writers

I'm an undergraduate student who's currently self-studying writing in quarantine. At present, I've read some books and browsed writing workshop websites on academic or technical writing. However, the ...
user54494's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
71 views

This, that, these, those [closed]

English is not my first language. I am writing a more or less formal text (nonfiction). When I am talking about something that I introduced in a previous paragraph or sentence, is it correct to always ...
Bento de Espinosa's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
125 views

After submitting a "complete" manuscript, what role does the author take?

After many years of work, I'm ready to send the manuscript of my textbook to a university publisher. This is a very professional publisher, with a large team, who publishes dozens of books quarterly. ...
Village's user avatar
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3 answers
187 views

What's the solution for "language being subjective" affecting readability? To write more concisely or what?

What's the solution for "language being subjective" affecting readability? To write more concisely or what? To me it seems like knowing how to make a "well understood" text seems ...
mavavilj's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
136 views

Is using non-sentences bad writing?

Consider the following extract of text (content not important, only sentence structure): When the jump is made, from seeing a subject as vocational, to worthy of study for the sake of knowledge alone,...
JP McCarthy's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
98 views

Avoiding two sentences ending with same word?

How can I avoid that these two sentences end up with medical system? I do not want to use a synonym for medical system to avoid ambiguity. I further do not want to change the word order of sentence ...
Harald Foidl's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
42 views

Relapse or relapses?

I'm writing an academic paper on the topic of substance use relapse. I am wondering when it is appropriate to use 'relapse' without a preposition when used as a noun in a singular form. Two examples ...
oustella's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
85 views

Good techniques to keep track of error-freeness without ending up having to proof-read all of a long finished text?

Good techniques to keep track of error-freeness without ending up having to proof-read all of a long finished text? This is a problem that I've had, but I assume that it's in fact quite common problem....
mavavilj's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
87 views

How to refer to a definition that might not be standard but will be used in an article?

Let's say that for some math article there's a concept that is used many times, but the author does not know a standard name for this concept, if it exists. The author creates a name for this concept. ...
Carla only proves trivial prop's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
142 views

Are there techniques that would minimize need to proof-read?

Are there techniques that would minimize need to proof-read? This puzzles me, because I find that it's difficult to get things right "while one writes" (because the flow is different, one ...
mavavilj's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
116 views

How do you develop an observation into a thesis?

I'm having major issues with this. I'm working on papers for some literature classes I'm taking at Uni, and my professors are...less than helpful (it has been a wild two years, I can't blame them. ...
Just a Cricket's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
20 views

Help linking ideas for a literature review together [closed]

I would like to construct a literature review for an academic paper. I am stating what each paper presents, what their contribution was, and the strength of their argument is. 3 Reading Tea Leaves: ...
Evan Gertis's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
142 views

Effort equivalence between video course and written course

If 1 page of a technical course is worth 1 point, how many points is 1 hour of a technical video course worth, creation effort-wise? Background and context: I work in academia in a technical field (...
IVlad's user avatar
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