Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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2answers
51 views

Should I include details relevant to a “close reading” in my thesis statement?

I am writing a five-page essay about a novel my literature class has read. I do not want to post my thesis or any snippets of my essay for fear that a plagiarism checker will flag my paper. My paper'...
21
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2answers
5k views

How should I quote American English speakers in a British English essay?

I am working on a formal essay where I have to quote a few American English speakers, but my essay is written in British English. Should I change terms like color to colour?
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1answer
53 views

In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing (...
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4answers
57 views

How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And that ...
21
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3answers
3k views

How should one refer to knights (& dames) in academic writing?

In ordinary English usage, one would refer to a knight called 'Forename Surname' as Sir Forename, not Surname, e.g. Sir Forename is distinguished in ... But in academic writing, one would typically ...
6
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1answer
84 views

In scientific writing, what is the protocol for shortening nouns?

I often see place or species names shortened in scientific journal articles and would like to know what the correct protocol is. Can I shorten "Gough Island" to just "Gough"? Or "leatherback turtle" ...
4
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1answer
27 views

Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/...
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2answers
83 views

MLA: Source Author has the same name as me

For a paper that I am writing, I have encountered an issue in which one of my sources has the same last name as myself, of which in in-text citations, makes it appear as if I am citing myself. Do I ...
4
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1answer
54 views

In an academic paper, who should be listed as the author of a community-authored document?

I'm currently writing my bachelor thesis, which will involve citing the Angular docs. Angular is a web framework developed by both community developers and employees of Google LLC (Google is the ...
4
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2answers
66 views

Rebuttals in argumentative writing

I am writing an argumentative essay and it goes along the following lines... Advantage 1; rebuttal 1 Advantage 2; rebuttal 2 Disadvantages Would it be better to address the rebuttals in the ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Does the word 'authored by' imply the non-existence of co-authors? [closed]

In an article I'm co-authoring, I'm about to say the following: ... d is the number of articles authored by John Doe ... But then I thought this would be better: ... d is the number of articles ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How to count the words in a figure or table?

In some journals, they ask that small figures should contain 300 words while large should have 600 words. So how we can count the words in a figure? secondly, If a figure contains 4 graphs like a,b,c,...
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2answers
2k views

How to avoid introduction cliches

I'm writing a research paper in one of my math classes about the P vs NP problem. I feel the introduction to my paper sounds like a cliche. This is my intro: In the field of mathematics, there are ...
2
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1answer
37 views

How do I write a long title in APA?

I'm writing a science paper for school, and my teacher said I need a short title (running title) and a long title that uses active voice (a sentence). How do I write the long title? The short title ...
2
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1answer
35 views

How should 'a posteriori' and 'a priori' be used? [closed]

I'm currently writing a scientific report, and have noted that a future investigator could use certain tactics to make their life easier. However, I only discovered this after having gone through the ...
3
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1answer
67 views

How to choose an English proofreading and editing services for master thesis?

I am a master's student, and English is not my native language. To review and edit my thesis in English, I need an online reliable English proofreading and editing service. What do you suggest ...
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4answers
126 views

Is elaborating the opposite case in brackets acceptable and clear?

Is Sentence A an acceptable and clear way of shortening Sentence B? Sentence A: A firm outperforms (underperforms) the industry when expression (1) results in a positive (negative) value. ...
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1answer
114 views

How to write a sentence with the '=' symbol in it?

Does the following line sound okay when read out? We choose the index n=5. If not, how can I restructure it to make it a good readable sentence still with the '=' symbol? I am trying to follow ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Is it ok to use long footnotes?

In my text, I have a footnote (6 or 7 lines) that is meant to be an extra insight. It does seem, however, to be a bit large for a footnote. On the other hand, if I try to place it inside the text, ...
3
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6answers
114 views

Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start ...
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1answer
34 views

MLA: Indirect Citation without quote

I have a text which I would like to quote. However, the particular section of the text in which I am interested cites but does not directly quote another author. Do I need an indirect citation, and ...
8
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3answers
80 views

How to document and cite website downtime properly?

I couldn't find anything on this one, so maybe someone has a good idea on what would be considered good practice in a scholarly context. Background For a semester project, I have to observe an ...
4
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1answer
48 views

How to convert APA style citations (Coley et al 2004) to IEEE format [1]?

I have a journal article with citations in APA format (e.g. Coley et al 2004) and I need to convert them to the IEEE format (represented with numbers, such as [1]), which are then listed at the bottom ...
5
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1answer
52 views

Examples & humor in educational podcast

I know Technical Writing is not supposed to have our personalities in it, but when I taught, I sought out educational videos/resources that had a bit of personality in them. Example: The Oatmeal's ...
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6answers
2k views

Is using first person in academic/technical essays always bad?

For as long as I can remember, my teachers have taught me never to use first person in an essay. Yet, some of the examples we read in classes, or older writings we have to annotate, are written in ...
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1answer
64 views

How should I describe a light beam coming out from any point in polar coordinates?

In my article a half circle shaped sheet is being rotated on z axis. A light beam is constructed on the surface of the sheet in any time in any point. How should I describe the light beam with its ...
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4answers
112 views

How to write an introduction letter as a professor? [closed]

Imagine my professor wants to introduce me to a famous university, but he is too busy to write an introduction letter1. I need to write it myself as if I was my professor, and he only has to sign it. ...
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5answers
83 views

Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

I am writing a scientific research paper and one of the sources I am using introduced a concept which I am using within the paper. The source I read (published in 1969) credits this concept as being ...
3
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2answers
69 views

Many resources in one sentence: how to use references?

So can I write like this: Example: Exercising (Goodman, J. 2010), laughing (Wilson, A. 2009) and studying (Mann, 2000) have all health benefits that may have positive effect on your life ...
5
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3answers
110 views

How to write in a more conversational tone?

I come from an academic background. Writing has always been an easy thing to me, but almost all of my practice outside of poetry has been in academic writing. I'll find myself writing in the way ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Where to put a description of software tools used in a thesis?

At the moment I'm writing my master-thesis in the area of information systems. Because I developed some code to demonstrate my approach, I also mention some software tools in my proof-of-concept ...
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1answer
98 views

Keeping up with multiple projects at the same time

I love writing and write almost every day, and I have multiple pieces that I am working on currently: two books, multiple original characters' background and development, and academic analysis pieces ...
3
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2answers
64 views

Writing last name of a person in an essay

I am writing a research paper where it talks a great deal about a particular individual. I have already introduced the full name in the essay, should I address him by his last name after there on ...
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1answer
76 views

Why am I asked to revise this statement? [closed]

This statement is an introduction to the review of related literature chapter for my case study at school. Maybe presents is a better word for accounts, but that's it? The style is OK for a formal ...
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3answers
101 views

How do you construct a thesis statement? [closed]

I have read any essay making tips and they said that the thesis statement is key to the thesis. So I tried to make one based on a question. So assume question like this: Overpopulation of urban ...
1
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3answers
1k views

What is the guide for writing essay for a people who cannot even write a paragraph?

I have already searched any tips about writing essay and paper, and it still abstract tips like researching, creating your own thesis statement, and so on. I even cannot create a good paragraph. So ...
6
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1answer
411 views

Git plugins for MS Word?

Is anyone aware of a plugin for MS Word that allows me to keep my documents in a git repository (gitlab compatibility would be even better)? I'm aware that git diffs won't be very meaningful, merges ...
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0answers
47 views

Need advice about the structure of my body part [closed]

My first body part will argument that educating young children about history is of importance. The permitted words for this part is 150 words. Which one below do you think is more appropriate? ...
3
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2answers
258 views

If I use a quote followed by a citation, then a small sentence from the cited material, should I include another citation?

I understand you should always follow a quotation with a citation in academic writing, but how close together can two of the same citations be? Here is the sentence in question: “BitTorrent traffic ...
2
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5answers
109 views

Can I use the passive voice to avoid referring to myself in a scientific report?

I'm writing a report for a piece of University coursework, but I understand that I should avoid referring to myself as "me" or "I". I've seen an example piece in which the author occasionally referred ...
0
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1answer
191 views

How to make literature review for a software implementation project?

I don't know if this is out of the scope of this website. I'm a student in software engineering deparment and I am supposed to make a project for a course during the semester. The first step of it is ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Dissertation results section - report variables or operationalizations? [closed]

Following APA style - Do I report my results in the dissertation using the variables I'm researching or their operationalizations? For example, which is style is correct: The correlation between ...
0
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1answer
338 views

Meaning of 'Adapted by [another person's name]' written on book cover?

Some of the books have written on their covers this: Adapted by [another person's name] Content of such textbooks is more or less same, maybe some new chapters are added. What does 'adapted by' ...
1
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1answer
444 views

Whats the difference between inference and conclusion?

Two questions regarding inference and conclusion. 1: Is it true that Inference can be made from any paragraph, from any line of the text but conclusion is drawn from the entire text? 2: Why often ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Should an academic paper contain all text at the same structuring depth?

I'm not sure whether or not this is standard practice, but I've been taught that between two different-level headings, there shouldn't be any text. For example, the following would not be permitted (...
2
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2answers
74 views

equation referencing in parentheses

My PhD examiners have asked me to refer to equations using Eq. (6) rather than Eq. 6. This seems simple enough, but often I have sentences of the form: "This is a fact related to an equation you ...
5
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2answers
107 views

Parentheses in scientific writing

I occasionally use parentheses in scientific writing when a piece of information is related to a previous statement but not to the central story. Is it bad style in scientific writing to use ...
4
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1answer
174 views

How can I make the plagiarism detector “Ithenticate” identify “θ-continuous” as a single word?

I have a problem with the similarity index of one of my works since the plagiarism detector "Ithenticate" identifies θ-continuous as continuous. In my university, all that matters is the similarity ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Can you cite a source in the introduction of your paper in MLA?

I'm currently writing a paper in a class about writing papers (go figure) and I'm stuck on whether or not I can cite something in the introduction. I can't find anything concrete on whether or not it ...
5
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2answers
67 views

Academic Writing: Paraphrasing few words when quoting

The following is from Japanese philosopher and thinker Toshihiko Izutsu's book The Concept of Belief in Islamic Theology (1965, page 146): But what he wants to emphasize is that shar‘a can be ...