Questions tagged [academic-writing]

Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others. Use the tag [scientific-publishing] in addition, if relevant.

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Is "point out" appropriate in formal writing?

Is it acceptable to say something like "[person] pointed out [things] as [things] that [action]" in formal academic writing? If not, what are some phrases with similar meaning that would be ...
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Using "etc." at the end of list introduced by "e.g."

According to the Strunk & White's The Elements of Style (p. 46) at the end of a list introduced by such as, for example, or any similar expression, etc. is incorrect. However, I have seen "...
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Can there be text in a section that isn't in a subsection?

Are there any recommendations against having text in a section when it's followed by subsections but that itself isn't in a subsection? For example, compare Case A: CHAPTER 1: Title of chapter 1 ...
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Referring to an earlier defined phrase so that it's not taken literally

Say I define a phrase like 'pen' or '10 miles'. Then when I refer to these defined phrases inline in the text, how should I refer to them to let the reader know that I am referring to the defined ...
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2 answers
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Resources for beginner/intermediate writers

I'm an undergraduate student who's currently self-studying writing in quarantine. At present, I've read some books and browsed writing workshop websites on academic or technical writing. However, the ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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This, that, these, those [closed]

English is not my first language. I am writing a more or less formal text (nonfiction). When I am talking about something that I introduced in a previous paragraph or sentence, is it correct to always ...
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4 votes
1 answer
106 views

After submitting a "complete" manuscript, what role does the author take?

After many years of work, I'm ready to send the manuscript of my textbook to a university publisher. This is a very professional publisher, with a large team, who publishes dozens of books quarterly. ...
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3 answers
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What's the solution for "language being subjective" affecting readability? To write more concisely or what?

What's the solution for "language being subjective" affecting readability? To write more concisely or what? To me it seems like knowing how to make a "well understood" text seems ...
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  • 165
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

Is using non-sentences bad writing?

Consider the following extract of text (content not important, only sentence structure): When the jump is made, from seeing a subject as vocational, to worthy of study for the sake of knowledge alone,...
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2 answers
79 views

Avoiding two sentences ending with same word?

How can I avoid that these two sentences end up with medical system? I do not want to use a synonym for medical system to avoid ambiguity. I further do not want to change the word order of sentence ...
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Relapse or relapses?

I'm writing an academic paper on the topic of substance use relapse. I am wondering when it is appropriate to use 'relapse' without a preposition when used as a noun in a singular form. Two examples ...
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2 votes
2 answers
84 views

Good techniques to keep track of error-freeness without ending up having to proof-read all of a long finished text?

Good techniques to keep track of error-freeness without ending up having to proof-read all of a long finished text? This is a problem that I've had, but I assume that it's in fact quite common problem....
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2 votes
3 answers
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How to refer to a definition that might not be standard but will be used in an article?

Let's say that for some math article there's a concept that is used many times, but the author does not know a standard name for this concept, if it exists. The author creates a name for this concept. ...
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1 vote
5 answers
137 views

Are there techniques that would minimize need to proof-read?

Are there techniques that would minimize need to proof-read? This puzzles me, because I find that it's difficult to get things right "while one writes" (because the flow is different, one ...
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2 answers
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How do you develop an observation into a thesis?

I'm having major issues with this. I'm working on papers for some literature classes I'm taking at Uni, and my professors are...less than helpful (it has been a wild two years, I can't blame them. ...
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Citing for outside article section

We have paper with numbered references of articles, one of them has number 9. One need cite from Section 2.1 of Article 9. A standard way: "Some cite words" (see Section 2.1 of article [9]) ...
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Help linking ideas for a literature review together [closed]

I would like to construct a literature review for an academic paper. I am stating what each paper presents, what their contribution was, and the strength of their argument is. 3 Reading Tea Leaves: ...
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2 votes
1 answer
132 views

Effort equivalence between video course and written course

If 1 page of a technical course is worth 1 point, how many points is 1 hour of a technical video course worth, creation effort-wise? Background and context: I work in academia in a technical field (...
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Can I use a quote from a fictional character in a scientific essay? [duplicate]

I want to use the quote about the law of equivalent exchange from Fullmetal Alchemist and relate it to our chemistry lesson as an introduction for my essay. If it's possible, how can I use it?
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Citation throughout my book rather than at the end as a bibliography

My book is a health/ wellness/ diet book/ metabolic issues etc. Throughout my book which I am 3/4 of the way through I have added in the website links after a piece of evidence. I have used 95% of my ...
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1 answer
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Punctuating consecutive usage of "and"

What should a transcriptionist do if the speakers utters, "You need to accept the consequences and deal with the problem and focus more on growth." Be informed that transcription ...
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0 votes
1 answer
47 views

A question on comma usage

I was proofreading an article when I stumbled upon the following sentence: "The truth is, basically we haven't laid the foundation of the medical infrastructure in our country." I know that ...
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3 votes
2 answers
48 views

Referring to one of the coauthors--should I simply use his or her name?

For example, Wang and Zimmermann are writing a research paper together. In their paper, they want to refer to Zimmermann's previous work (possibly with other coauthors). Should they write "In the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are "floating quotations" to be avoided in academic writing?

I am finishing my dissertation, and my advisor was highly critical of my use of "floating quotations" or "stand-alone quotations." She directed me to a University of North Carolina ...
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1 answer
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How to shorten the sentence with parallel words?

Today I want to write a sentence with the full version is: "We use the same set of control variables as in our main regression that is controlling for firm-fixed effects and industry*year fixed ...
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1 answer
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How should we use possessive form in an academic paper?

In daily writing, I normally use the possessive form as "shareholders' wealth" or "firms' cash holding", but it seems that in research, I did not see people use the " ' " ...
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1 answer
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Providing examples for the sake of it

I am writing an academic text about linguistics. I have managed to obtain examples from endangered languages that are rarely included in research (one in particular has less than 500 speakers ...
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0 votes
1 answer
49 views

Capitalizing the name of a specific Theorem

What is the standard criteria of capitalizing the theorem names when writing a paper? Consider, for example, the Unique Games Conjecture. There are the following three possibilities of writing it (or ...
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0 votes
1 answer
91 views

"Pros" and "Cons" Separately

I am writing a paper. I am wondering can I use "Pros" and "Cons" as the title of two subsections separately? In other words, is it acceptable to use "pros" and "cons&...
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Seasoned tips for Academic writing? [closed]

Writing has to me been an painful endeavor since I’ve felt what I’ve written isn’t quite right. However when I do manage it, it’s very fulfilling. So I might as well try and get better at it. So so ...
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4 votes
2 answers
87 views

Leaving out the definitive article in academic writing

I'm currently finishing up my bachelors' thesis and I'm experimenting with the abstract. I checked my first draft with Grammarly and right away some words were underlined that Grammarly felt were ...
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1 vote
5 answers
115 views

An alternative word for 'should'

I'm writing a policy-relevant paper with policy recommendation. My supervisor (non-native in English) told me that I should not use a word 'should' for writing sentences for policy recommendation ...
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0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Is my method of arguing here bad?

For my English class, we had to write an essay on The Prince and while I thought that my essay had a good structure and sufficiently proved my claim, my professor thought it read like a "high ...
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1 vote
1 answer
65 views

How to write less like a student and more like a researcher?

I'm writing my first academic paper, and the feedback I got from my supervisors was that my writing sounds more like a student report than a scientific paper. What advice would you give a student when ...
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

What should the order of sections be in a formal report?

How should I order the following sections in a formal report? Glossary Bibliography References Appendix
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1 vote
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When to use adjective forms of anatomical nouns in scientific writing?

Consider the following anatomical parts of crustacean: carapace, abdomen, and areola. In much of published literature, you'll see the phrases "carapace length", "abdomen length," ...
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0 votes
3 answers
82 views

Should the correspondent repeat their name in a formal letter?

The expected pattern for a formal letter to close the correspondence with the name of the correspondent. But, sometimes people write their names in the body of the letter as well. Is it superfluous to ...
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3 votes
4 answers
435 views

Is the word "coloured" offensive when writing about Apartheid?

I am writing a paper on Aparthied and I was going to use the word "coloured" in it, but I wasn't sure if it would be offensive or not. For context, it was a word used in South Africa to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
57 views

When to use simple past or present perfect in scientific papers?

What are the best rules for scientific papers to decide whether to put a sentence in simple past or present perfect tense? Example Shapiro et al. (2012) use present perfect in the following sentence: ...
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1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Tips to writing essays on ethics/philosophy

I have to write an essay in about 1200 words. The general theme is related to ethics, character, attitude, philosophy etc. Following are some topics from previous year exams. Customary morality ...
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1 vote
1 answer
36 views

Writing a critical analysis for a litereature review paper; where to start?

In my class on Intellectual Property for Engineers, I've been asked to write a critical analysis paper on A literature review of intellectual property management in technology transfer offices: From ...
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1 answer
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Citing sources within table and figure legends

I have a figure and a table within my results section that contains data I used software to collect. I have already cited this software within my paper, but to allow my figures to stand on their own I ...
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1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Figure Annotation and Writing papers

If I had a figure like let's say imaginary figure A. If I were to use this figure, and only needed a segment should I put the whole figure in the academic Research paper or just the section? If so, ...
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0 votes
2 answers
39 views

Scientific Research Paper

Is it okay to reference material from a previous paragraph, like as follows "In paragraph 3" or "In the introduction"? Or do I have reassert the idea, if so does it have to require ...
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1 vote
1 answer
53 views

An essay on Career Goals

I have to write an essay on career goals. I am applying for a Master's program. Do I start from the basic as to why I chose the subject and how and what do I intend to do after the master's ...
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2 votes
1 answer
59 views

Writing a Thesis paper

What to do if you feel stuck while writing? Feels like you cant write a single fresh line. I don't know much words and also I have grammatically issue as well. Now that I am writing my discussion ...
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3 votes
2 answers
104 views

Is it bad to overuse the words 'that' and 'which', and how can you avoid doing so?

Currently, I am working on a paper. While writing, I noticed a problem. I used the word 'that' 78 times and 'which' 68 times in 32 pages. Will using these words so frequently affect the quality of my ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Introduction Techinques

What types of methods can be used in writing a scientific research paper introduction? I have read articles on a particular topic (COVID-19), and they are peer-reviewed scientific journals. My ...
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1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Indirect reference following brackets in scientific literature

I've got a bracketed reference in a scientific manuscript I'm writing, that immediately follows bracketed text like so: ...rather than visiting flowers that were in ‘same scent’ group (same scent and ...
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-4 votes
2 answers
138 views

What is Considered Good Writing? How Do You Become a Good Writer?

This seems like a vague question but it is not. What is good writing? Does it have simply be concise and clear? Obviously, not. Writing that sounds beautiful is considered good writing? But, what ...
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