I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end.

Is it also required that I include inline citations for every direct quote or idea that I use, when the reader knows it is all coming from one place?

I will be stating "The author says, "...." so it should be clear that the thoughts are not my own.

2 Answers 2


When citing the same source multiple times in a paragraph (and from there an extension being to the entire paper, as is the case in your question), you can do the following (borrowed from here):

Introduce the source early in the paragraph, with the author as part of the sentence rather than in brackets:

Example: Lazar (2006) describes several aspects of the data gathering process.

For the rest of the paragraph, you can refer back to the author by name or pronoun when elaborating on their ideas:

Example: He notes that the relevance and number of questions can affect participation rates. Lazar also found that…

As long as it is clear to the reader that all of the ideas come from that same source, there is no risk of plagiarism and the paragraph flows well.

Note that if you put the author's name in brackets later on in the paragraph (for example, if you include a quotation from that source) you should always include the year of publication in the brackets.

Main reference:

Other references:


I would reference page, paragraph, or section numbers, in my inline/footnote citations and omit everything else.

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