Writing a lot is good for writers.
The more you write the better writer you become. No matter what you write. If you write blogs, that's just fine.
Still, there are problems no amount of writing will help - just opposite, it will make them rooted harder. If you keep making a certain mistake, lots of writing won't help against it. Lots of reading may help. Writing exercises. Using proofreaders of your texts for more than just correctness - but for learning your own mistakes. Trying various styles and new approaches. Experimenting in creative writing and taking honest criticism.
...not even getting started on the ugly business side of writing professionally. Learning to write what you believe is wrong but what the publisher believes is right, and so on.
Yes, blogging will help you become a professional writer.
No, blogging will not make you a professional writer. It's useful but it's not enough. You need other exercises besides that.