Let's assume I have a citation list that includes the three different hypothetical authors A. Miller, B. Miller, and C. Miller (besides Y. Young, S. Stevens, and Z. Zona):

Miller, A., & Young, Y. (2001)

Miller, B., & Stevens, S. (2002)

Stevens, S., & Miller, B. (2003)

Zona, Z., & Miller, C. (2004)

Is the following the correct APA in-text citation style?

A. Miller & Young, 2001

B. Miller & Stevens, 2002

Stevens & Miller, 2003

Zona & Miller, 2004

Or would initials be also included for second authors?

1 Answer 1


The first version of my answer was wrong. Here is the relevant section from the APA Publication Manual:

6.14 Authors With the Same Surname

If a reference list includes publications by two or more primary authors with the same surname, include the first author's initials in all text citations, even if the year of publication differs. Initials help the reader to avoid confusion within the text and to locate the entry in the list of references (see section 6.25 for the order of appearance in the reference list).


Light, I. (2006). Deflecting immigration: Networks, markets, and regulation in Los Angeles. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Light, M. A., & Light, I. H. (2008). The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement. Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal, 8, 73-82.

Text Cites:

Among studies, we review M. A. Light and Light (2008) and I. Light (2006).

From this it would follow that your in-text citation examples are correct. Initials are only included for the first, but not for the second authors.


Since the proper formatting of the reference list is not technically possible on this site, I'll attach a screenshot from the APA Manual:

screenshot of the citation from the APA manual

  • Please use plain text instead of images of text.
    – Laurel
    Commented Sep 26, 2023 at 11:32

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