I can't find the name for this online and I am an engineer, so don't socialise with people that would know.
Consider the Aeneid, which begins:
Arms, and the man I sing, who, forc'd by fate,
And haughty Juno's unrelenting hate,
Expell'd and exil'd, left the Trojan shore.
Long labors, both by sea and land, he bore,
And in the doubtful war, before he won
The Latian realm, and built the destin'd town;
His banish'd gods restor'd to rites divine,
And settled sure succession in his line,
From whence the race of Alban fathers come,
And the long glories of majestic Rome.
Which is then followed by the events of the Aeneid where all of those things transpire (or, if you want to nitpick, the rest of Book 1 which further exposits some of the themes and character development before the events transpire).
In my case, I'm looking at Psalm 73, which begins:
1 God is indeed good to Israel, to the pure in heart. 2 But as for me, my feet almost slipped; my steps nearly went astray. 3 For I envied the arrogant; I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
Before flashing back to how the narrator was almost completely consumed with his anger at the wicked, and the eventual resolution.
I've run across fabula and syuzhet, which if I have understood them correctly are useful conceptual concepts for discussing what the starting exposition does, but are not actually a term for an particular arrangement of story and plot events.
I would be most grateful for any help.
What is the name for a narrative structure where the story starts with an exposition or summary before recounting the plot in more detail?