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In Stone Ocean, the antagonist explains his power at the end of the series. I am wondering if this is telling and not showing and if there are situation where telling and showing is completely ok and what are those situations. Because I feel like there might be a good use case for doing this, but I don't know when it's appropriate or not.

SPOILER ALERT

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    I'm not sure the spoiler alert is necessary. Not only is the image's text in Japanese, but it's far too small to be actually legible.
    – F1Krazy
    Apr 25 at 8:50
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    @F1Krazy You thought it was an easy-to-read manga panel, but it was I, Dio! Apr 25 at 19:13

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"Show, don't tell" doesn't apply to manga or comic books the same way it applies to standard prose.

On the one hand, because manga and comics are visual media, almost everything in them is inherently shown, even sound effects and dialogue. The only way for a mangaka or comic writer to "tell" the audience something is through narration boxes, which have the additional drawback of taking up valuable space on the page.

On the other hand, there are a lot of things that are hard to show through static images alone, without the benefit of motion or sound. As a result, both manga and comics have a long-standing tradition of having their characters narrate, either out loud or in thought bubbles, what they are doing, what someone else is doing, what's going on around them, and so on. All of this helps the reader understand what's going on.

In the case of your specific example - Enrico Pucci explaining his Stand's powers - this is justified because, from what I know of said powers, they fall under the category of being hard to convey through static images alone, so someone has to explain to the audience what he's actually doing. It's also common enough that TV Tropes (obligatory warning: massive time-sink!) lists it as a trope in its own right: Explaining Your Power to the Enemy.

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"Show don't tell" is not an absolute, inviolable law that will get you cast into writer's purgatory if you break it. It's a guide for writing a better story, by being mindful of what will appeal more to your audience. "Showing" is not the goal, keeping your audience captivated is.

If you're not sure whether to show or tell in a scene: try both. Then pick what works best.

So consider, what would be the alternative in this case? The story is (presumably) over and we want to tie up loose ends for the readers by explaining the antagonist's powers. Do we do a quick exposition, or ... what? What would be the alternative?

I don't know the story in question. There might be a better alternative. And as writer you should think about it. But having the character just tell things from his perspective might be the best solution. Since he's already talking to the protagonist (presumably), it fits in the narrative.

Also note that "show don't tell" primarily applies on the author's level, not on the character's level. Here the author is showing the character explaining his powers.

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    Putting "tell" narration into a speech balloon (or dialog in a non-graphic medium) doesn't change it from tell to show. It just changes who does the telling. Though as F1Krazy said in their answer sometimes you can't help but to tell when showing might be very hard to show in the specified medium. Apr 25 at 15:37
  • I mostly agree. Importantly, it can be non-engaging regardless of who is telling. But avoiding it would in this case mean having a different scene than "X is telling Y how his powers work", rather than conveying that scene differently.
    – towr
    Apr 25 at 16:26

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