Should you cite the document you're refuting or only the documents you use to prove your argument in a research paper? I am wondering what's the consensus on this, because in my opinion, it doesn't make sense to cite a research you're trying to refute or disprove.
If you are trying to refute an argument made by other authors, you will need to attribute the argument you are trying to refute to those original authors. That means you'll need to cite the works in which they lay out that argument. You can't just say "I think Theory X is wrong", because:
- Readers may not know what Theory X is (at least not in great detail), and...
- Readers may want to confirm that you are representing Theory X correctly, which means they need to know where you read it.
You must say: "I think Theory X (see: SomeOne et al, "The Magnificent Theory X") is wrong". Though please don't copy my crappy mock citation style or argumentative language...
We don't refute documents; we refute arguments. But we always need to connect the argument we are refuting to the authors who made it, and to the document(s) they made it in.