I'm currently writing my first novel and I can't figure out whether I am able to reference an abundance of different people, places, and/or things.
I've had this idea of wanting to sneak in a sizable amount of references into my novel of people places and/or things that I've come into contact with or loved as a kid growing up, many of which may end up being of the "if you know, you know" variant.
The story is of a group of teenagers in the military of one of five kingdoms on a shared landmass between Alaska, Hawaii, and the west coast of the continental US who basically have to stop the future version of the main character from destroying everything.
I have the idea of using either a made-up landmass or creating an entirely new word altogether, though I don't think having someone say "He'll make WWII look like child's play" in a completely different world would make much sense. I was thinking of doing what Hajime Isayama did and flipped the world map on its head.
If you've listened to Jake Hill and/or NF or seen anime like Attack on Titan or cartoons like Avatar the Last Airbender then you have somewhat of an idea of what I mean.
I want to use lyrics from their songs, along with quotes from other artists, and utilize AoTs military ranking system because it's extremely simple and effective and I want to have subtle references like someone saying "Run like the titans just broke through the walls" or "I don't suppose you can turn into a 50-ft-tall armored giant", or someone saying "That's rough, buddy".
Or lyrics like "Would you believe me if I said I wasn't build for love 'cause I can't even love myself" from Better Alone by Jake Hill or "There's a big difference between confidence and arrogance, you hearing this I know you don't get it now but you gone get it later" from Nate by NF
Even perhaps use quotes like "You can't hope for a horror story with a happy ending" by Eren Yeager
I know there is a certain amount of words (about 24) that one is able to directly quote before needing permission from the parties in question, but say I wanted to use more than the set number of words and I'm not able to get permission from those I quoted for whatever reason, not that they would ever read my book, but for simplicity's sake, let's say they did. What then?
Basically what I'm trying to say is: how much am I able to freely borrow and/or somewhat directly quote without there being any legal infringement on the referenced works.