Possibly you might mention various minor characters, such as other students, teachers, the principal, school janitors, the parents of the kids who are the main characters, etc. only when they do something that the main chracters notice briefly.
For example, the teacher asks a question and the smartest kid in the class answers, but incorrectly for once, and one of the main kids answers the question correctly.
Or the bullies might be mentioned only when they happen to bully the main characters instead of other victims.
Or the main characters go to the house of one of them and say hello to one or both of the parents as they go to the room of the kid who lives there. And maybe once or twice one of the parents yells at them to not make as much noise.
And the hallways and cafeteria of the school can be described as crowded with kids when the main characters are in them.
And maybe there can be a few scenes where a main character hears and passes along gossip about a student or teacher.
And maybe a main character has an embarrassing accident and nearby kids whose names are briefly listed laugh at him. And possibly he thinks that they are not as nice as he used to think they were.
And the main characters can ask permission from teachers, school staff, or parents to do something, like go to the bathroom or go on a school trip, etc.
So the story can be mostly the four main characters interacting with themselves, and any 'guest" characters who are important in a particular story. But other characters should be mentioned as existing in the background from time to time, or even interacting with the main characters in minor ways, to show that they aren't the only four people in the world or even in their town.