In my memoir, I use several quotations. In the text, I note who said them: e.g.

As author and diplomat Washington Irving, having mourned a fiancée and a brother, wrote: 'There is a sacredness in tears...'

I'm using Chicago-style formatting. Do I also have to include a footnote and/or bibliography item saying where I found this quotation?

1 Answer 1


You should include both the citation and a footnote (Purdue). In Chicago style formatting (17th ed.):

Author Names

The author’s name is inverted in the bibliography, placing the last name first and separating the last name and first name with a comma.


Titles of books and journals are italicized. Titles of articles, chapters, poems, etc. are placed in quotation marks.

Publication Information

The year of publication is listed after the publisher or journal name.


In a bibliography, all major elements are separated by periods.

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