Sometimes, I come across with a problem like this: I don't know if I should use past tense or not in the sentence like below.

Nine out of ten adults live a mentally health life. The one who doesn't experienced/has experienced traumas.

Every men lives a mentally health life. If he doesn't, he experienced/have experienced traumas.


1) Nine out of ten adults live a mentally health life. The one who doesn't experienced/has experienced traumas. 2) Every men lives a mentally health life. If he doesn't, he experienced/have experienced traumas.

Both of these are really clunky. I would write them as 1) Nine out of ten adults live a mentally healthy life. Those who are left have experienced trauma. 2) Most men live a mentally healthy life. If he doesn't, he experienced trauma.

Ideally that idea would better be portrayed by an entirely different sentence. Something with more gravitas. Most people live a normal life. Others experience traumas the rest can not imagine.

If it's for a more academic work: While 9 out of 10 adults live normal lives, a good number still experience trauma.

These sentences are, of course, factually incorrect as nearly half of people experience some kind of mental distress. Hope this helped

  • 2
    The tenses don't match and the data is incorrect. 61% of men and 51% of women in the United States experience trauma. Your data of 9/10 is true only if you are referring to Americans who are in behavioral therapy
    – MingD14
    Apr 12 '20 at 16:37
  • 1
    "The one who are left" is incorrect. It's either "the oneS who are left" or "the one that IS left" Also, "mentally healthY life" The tenses not being right refers to you using "does not", present tense, and then using experiencED, past tense. In both sentences. It should either be "The one who does not, experienceS trauma." or "The one who has not, has experiencED trauma." in the first sentence, and "If he does not, he HAS experienced trauma." No S on trauma in any of them.
    – MingD14
    Apr 13 '20 at 20:12
  • 1
    The second one may be considered repetitive because of the adverb, and the third one would depend on if you're only talking about people with childhood trauma. That excludes veterans or domestic abuse victims or severe injury survivors. It all depends on what you're using the sentence for because all three are good
    – MingD14
    Apr 14 '20 at 15:47
  • 1
    Thanks. It is very patient and nice of you to put up with this many questions from me. Your explanations have helped me gain progress a lot.
    – vincentlin
    Apr 15 '20 at 6:12
  • 1
    No problem! It took me years to figure this stuff out. English is a very confusing language, even to a native speaker!
    – MingD14
    Apr 15 '20 at 13:52

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