In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph.

.... in the act of breathing (Person A, Person B, & Person C, 2019). Person A et al. (2019)....

Is this citation correct? I am aware that if the in-text citation appeared before that in parentheses:

e.g. Person A, Person B, and Person C (2019).... in the act of breathing (Person A et al., 2019)

then this would be considered an appropriate instance. But is my first example still correct?

  • Welcome to Writing.SE Stuart, glad you found us. Please check out our tour and help center. I edited a couple grammatical bits of your question. Please make sure I didn't change the meaning of anything by accident.
    – Cyn
    Commented Jul 27, 2019 at 16:22
  • What is the discipline? In science you should be able to rephrase the second sentence and avoid this issue entirely.
    – NofP
    Commented Aug 2, 2019 at 10:39

1 Answer 1


Both seem fine to me. My only hesitation would be if the 2nd example is a single sentence, then you probably wouldn't need to in-line cite again at the end.

Other than the APA manual, I typically use Purdue as an APA resource as it covers most of the common issues you'll face.

In In-line text citations:

A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.

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