For example, how would I reference Elizabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria, Princess Palatine, Duchess of Orleans (all being one single person and their attributes)?

Is there a common practice for royal names in modern language or is that just a thing of the past?

  • Citations are more on-topic on Writing. However, don't you cite the author as the name actually appears on their publication? If the princess appears as "Elizabeth Hochwald" using a [possibly adopted] family name, then don't you use that? Jan 28, 2017 at 15:05
  • Well if her name is Elizabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria, she will appear as "Bavaria, Elizabeth-Charlotte of". That just looks a bit stupid in my opinion, and is also misleading because she does/did not at all live in Bavaria.
    – henrikl
    Jan 28, 2017 at 16:08
  • But "Bavaria" is not the surname. If she doesn't have a surname, then what? I reckon it's "Elizabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria", but there are a number of different opinions expressed in a relevant question on Academia.SE. Jan 28, 2017 at 18:05

1 Answer 1


Finding the correct form of the name of a historic person can be difficult and might involve some research. I am no expert, but in the case of your example the German National Library lists her publications under the name Orléans, Elisabeth Charlotte d', the Libary of Congress lists her as Orléans, Charlotte-Elisabeth, duchesse d', 1652-1722, and the Bibliothèque nationale de France as Orléans, Charlotte Elisabeth de Bavière (1652-1722 ; duchesse d').

  • Thank you very much. So the approach in general is to look for references citing that person.
    – henrikl
    Jan 30, 2017 at 16:50

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