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I should start by saying that this question is not this question, How to decide if a plot twist worth doing despite how similar they sound. And, the answer I'm looking for was not at this question either, How/When to include twists when developing plot.

So, here is the situation. The novel that I'm working on is very close to completion; the climax and falling action are done, and it's in its resolution. But, to avoid ending the book too quickly and leaving the readers with questions unanswered, I had thought of a twist to put into the book.

I'll keep the explanation of the twist as simple as possible:

There are 8 main characters trying to escape a very dangerous situation. So dangerous, that one of the characters perishes in the escape. Now the other characters didn't like this character very much, one of those other characters liked her the least. I intend to have the characters find out that this deceased character was actually his little sister. Now, I don't think this will change much of the ending of the book, but I still think it would be an interesting twist to the story and it would definitely change his view of the character. Neither character involved in the twist is the protagonist of the story, though you do see things from the potential brother's perspective twice.

I'm not asking whether or not this specific twist is good, rather, is it needed? In a more general sense, how do you differentiate between a good plot twist and a unnecessary page filler?

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Plots twist. Stories don't. Sometimes a plot twist will show that reader that the arc of the story was something other than what they were expecting. But the story still needs to have a satisfying arc. If the plot twist destroys the story arc, or is simply irrelevant to the story arc, then it ruins the story. If the plot twist is integral to the story arc -- and generally that means the moral arc of the story, it is essential.

So, a plot twist is not an optional extra that you throw in gratuitously at the end. It is either where the story was heading all along, and the thing that reveals the story for what it is, or it is a disastrous distraction that destroys the story arc.

That's how you tell the difference. Either the twist is necessary to the story or it is superfluous. Either leaving it out ruins the story or putting it in ruins the story.

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    Excellent analysis. Through this lens, the only reason for Bob to find out Annoying Alice was his little sister is if Bob needed to be reedemed, broken, or otherwise changed, and hasn't been. The twist of Alice's identity would only make sense if Bob needs to realize that his behavior needs to change. So the reader should be in fact annoyed with Bob to this point, wondering if he's going to be punished or do something redeeming, and then wham. – Lauren Ipsum Sep 11 '16 at 1:38
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This is a good question, but one that's hard to answer without reading the book itself. My first thought is, it might depend on genre and the expectations of your readers. A good twist is always welcome if it builds the story and keeps your reader guessing.

However, a plot twist that is necessary will very likely be integral to the story. It will not be something that can be taken out with zero effect on the rest of the book. It needs to contribute something. Your reader should think, "Oh, that's interesting." and then go back and see all the clues you'd put in there along the way.

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