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Is there a word for when the last word of a line is the first word of a sentence, which creates a rhyme when combined with the preceding word?

That might not be clear on its own; this excerpt from "Satisfied" (from the musical Hamilton, written by Lin-Manuel Miranda) contains several examples:

So so so—
So this is what it feels like to match wits
With someone at your level! What the hell is the catch? It’s
The feeling of freedom, of seein’ the light
It’s Ben Franklin with a key and a kite! You see it, right?
The conversation lasted two minutes, maybe three minutes
Ev’rything we said in total agreement, it’s
A dream and it’s a bit of a dance

(It may help to listen to the verse as performed: https://youtu.be/JrbCFR1FsZk?t=128)

And later in the same song:

That elevates his status, I’d
Have to be naïve to set that aside

(https://youtu.be/JrbCFR1FsZk?t=203)

It's a clever way of rhyming that I'm not sure I've ever encountered before. Is there a word for this? Can you point me to any other examples?

  • Are you looking specifically for a term signifying the rhyme? For example, if the lyrics were something like "That elevates his status, I'd / Have to be naïve to not think of that / Maybe that is why" you still have the unusual phenomenon of starting a new sentence on an upbeat – but perhaps there's a term for this, ignoring the rhyme. – Sophie Alpert Mar 8 '16 at 17:28
  • "Anacrusis" seems at least related, though I'm not sure it describes exactly this. – Sophie Alpert Mar 8 '16 at 17:32
  • "Anacrusis" does seem similar. My hunch is that there isn't a single word for this — it's merely a specific, clever combination of rhyming, rhythm, and enjambment that Miranda repeats throughout the song. Something about it does feel special to me, though. – Andrew Clark Mar 9 '16 at 5:29
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I'm not sure about the rhyming part, but running a sentence onto the next line is called enjambment:

Enjambment is the continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break. If a poet allows all the sentences of a poem to end in the same place as regular line-breaks, a kind of deadening can happen in the ear, and in the brain too, as all the thoughts can end up being the same length. Enjambment is one way of creating audible interest; others include caesurae, or having variable line-lengths.

Wiki:

incomplete syntax at the end of a line; the meaning runs over from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation. Lines without enjambment are end-stopped.

In reading, the delay of meaning creates a tension that is released when the word or phrase that completes the syntax is encountered (called the rejet); the tension arises from the "mixed message" produced both by the pause of the line-end, and the suggestion to continue provided by the incomplete meaning. In spite of the apparent contradiction between rhyme, which heightens closure, and enjambment, which delays it, the technique is compatible with rhymed verse. Even in couplets, the closed or heroic couplet was a late development; older is the open couplet, where rhyme and enjambed lines co-exist.

  • Yeah maybe that's just it — clever use of enjambment. What stood out to me as special was that in each case, it's only a single word that is enjambed. – Andrew Clark Mar 8 '16 at 19:54

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