If one tries to describe sth. very concrete, like a house, for instance, one could try it with different approaches:
describing the very physical attributes: the house is 5m wide, 5m deep and 5m high. It is divided into two equal levels, each bearing a round window on each side. It has a plane roof with a short chimney in the middle.
describing the very physical attributes by using metaphors: the house is a suggercube the size of an elephant, it has mouseholes covered with glass on each side, the smoking-pipe is coughing dark matter.
describing the very physical attributes by their emotional impact on a person: Its walls embraced me, i felt love coming out of the chimey while the breeze invited breeze through the windows to make me comfortable, i did not want to leave it cause this was the house - my home and family made out of bricks.
those are only three approaches, that i randomly tried without any categorical system underlying.
Could you provide such systems of description ? Maybe there is a theoretical framework that introduces the many different approaches and gives advice when to use which.