If I were to publish a book, is there any chance for it to become very popular? let's assume is a good book, would it go unnoticed for being an author's first book or does it entirely depend on the book?
J.K. Rowling's debut novel was Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. It was pretty successful.
For some writers, ONLY their first book was popular. (Some only write one book. Success can be as crippling as failure.) Here's a list:
Although that list isn't counting plays and short stories, which is certainly unfair, I find it telling how many famous writers only wrote one novel.